新东方•GRE官方题库范文精讲.pdf

新东方•GRE官方题库范文精讲.pdf
 

书籍描述

编辑推荐
《新东方·GRE官方题库范文精讲》国际权威GRE研究机构授权出版,北美GRE写作专家创作,新东方GRE写作名师评讲。

作者简介
作者:(美国)斯图尔特 (Mark Alan Stewart.J.D.) 译者:修锐 张雷东

目录
第一章 GRE写作应试指导
一、GRE写作概要
二、Issue写作详解
三、Argument写作详解
四、GRE写作中的建议和禁忌
五、GRE写作考试的计算机界面
六、GRE写作评分、成绩通知和成绩评估
七、GRE写作备考方略

第二章 Issue范文精讲
Issue 写作要领
Issue 31 Investing in research which may have controversial results
Issue 191 The proper use of public resources
Issue 121 Our responsibility to save endangered species
Issue 186 Is practicality our idol in today's world?
Issue 4 Advancements in a field of study and outside experts
Issue 10 Government's duty to preserve cultural traditions
Issue 8 Should political leaders withhold information from the public?
Issue 113 Defining ourselves by identifying with social groups
Issue 136 Is the absence of choice a rare circumstance?
Issue 161 Media scrutiny of society's heroes
Issue 212 Do worthy ends justify any means?
Issue 7 The growing significance of the video camera
Issue 114 Has technology failed to help humanity progress?
Issue 159 Will humans always be superior to machines?
Issue 183 The impact of acquiring more knowledge
Issue 196 Does technology threaten our quality of life?
Issue 33 Is image more important than the truth behind it?
Issue 112 Should schools teach students to explore their own emotions?
Issue 127 Are facts “stubborn things,” or can we alter them?
Issue 184 Is it mistake to theorize without data?
Issue 41 The role of non-mainstream areas of inquiry
Issue 131 Do the arts reveal society's hidden ideas and impulses?
Issue 138 Are mistakes necessary for discovery or progress?
Issue 174 Should laws be rigid or flexible?
Issue 176 The value and function of science and art
Issue 221 The chief benefit of the study of history
Issue 1 Do we learn the most from people whose views we share?
Issue 17 Our duty to disobey unjust laws
Issue 46 Preparing young people for leadership
Issue 144 The value of art vs. that of art critic
Issue 201 Should educators provide students with a set of ideas or with job preparation?
Issue 228 Praising positive actions and ignoring negative ones
Issue 239 Should all so-called facts be mistrusted?
Issue 49 Imaginative works vs. factual accounts
Issue 99 Pragmatic vs. idealistic behavior
Issue 164 Imagination vs. experience
Issue 210 Are people free to choose a career?
Issue 26 Historic buildings-preservation vs. practicality
Issue 36 Can only history determine an individual's greatness?
Issue 103 Is history relevant to our daily lives?
Issue 120 Studying the past to help us live in the present
Issue 173 To what extent is originality truly original?
Issue 207 Rituals and ceremonies and cultural identity
Issue 226 Are we facing increasingly complex and challenging problems?

第三章 Issue 范文精选
Issue 5 The merits of a national curriculum for schools
Issue 11 The benefits of a global university
Issue 13 Government's duty to preserve lesser-known languages
Issue 16 Do luxuries prevent our becoming strong and independent?
Issue 25 Does it require effort and courage to make things simple
Issue 28 Should students learn concepts before they memorize facts?
Issue 29 Should public figures expect to lose their privacy?
Issue 30 The primary goal of technological advancement
Issue 38 Does television render books obsolete?
Issue 40 Scholars and academic inquiry and research
Issue 43 Ethical and moral standards and successful leadership
Issue 47 Should society place more emphasis on the intellect?
Issue 48 Does the study of history overemphasize “the famous few”?
Issue 50 Should college faculty also work outside the academic world?
Issue 92 Recognizing the limits of our knowledge
Issue 93 The concept of individual responsibility
Issue 94 What is required to become “truly educated”?
Issue 95 Teamwork as the key to productivity
Issue 98 Should colleges emphasize courses in popular culture?
Issue 104 How does a culture perpetuate its prevailing ideas?
Issue 108 The benefits of televising government proceedings
Issue 109 Ads portraying people we want to “be like”
Issue 110 Historians as storytellers
Issue 115 Monitoring our progress with the use of logic and measurement
Issue 116 The beneficiaries of global networks
Issue 119 Setting research priorities
Issue 124 The impact of technology on our leisure time
Issue 130 Have we learned how to raise children who can better society?
Issue 140 Do great achievements often lead to the greatest discontent?
Issue 141 Does personal economic success require conformity?
Issue 142 Is society better off when many people question authority?
Issue 146 Can a person be committed to an idea yet be critical of it?
Issue 147 Must we choose between tradition and modernization?
Issue 150 Will computer connections make tourism obsolete?
Issue 151 The effects of high-speed communications media
Issue 152 The limits of the responsibility of corporate executives
Issue 153 Should students be skeptical about what they are taught?
Issue 154 Should parents and communities participate in education?
Issue 157 Are all observations subjective?
Issue 160 Effective leadership and commitment to particular principles
Issue 165 From whom do our leading voices come?
Issue 167 Is complete honesty a useful virtue in politics?
Issue 168 Can only inside experts judge work in any given field?
Issue 169 Are politics and morality mutually exclusive?
Issue 170 The surest indicator of a great nation
Issue 171 What avenues of intellectual inquiry best serve the public good?
Issue 175 The impetus for innovation: individual enterprise or teamwork?
Issue 177 Does our education change how we perceive the world?
Issue 180 Can moral behavior be legislated?
Issue 181 What influences how students and scholars interpret materials?
Issue 185 Are scandals useful?
Issue 187 Accepting innovations and new ideas
Issue 188 Success: the ability to survive in and adapt and alter one's environment
Issue 191 Should education devote itself to enriching our personal lives?
Issue195 Politics-pursuing ideals vs. pursuing a reasonable consensus
Issue 197 Are nations necessarily connected when it comes to their well-being?
Issue 203 Do a society's heroes or its heroines reflect its character?
Issue 208 Do people's appearance and behavior reveal society's ideas and values?
Issue 209 Progress through discourse among people
Issue 214 Society's duty to identify children with special talents
Issue 216 Are most important discoveries and creations accidental?
Issue 218 Must art be widely understood to have merit?
Issue 225 Our tendency to look for similarities between different things
Issue 230 Should colleges allow students to make their own decisions?
Issue 231 Is moderation in all things poor advice?
Issue 233 Do technologies interfere with “real” learning?
Issue 234 Do people prefer constraints on absolute freedom?
Issue 235 Is loyalty always a positive force?
Issue 238 Does conformity stifle creativity and energy?
Issue 243 The comparative value of artistic and scientific accomplishments

第四章 Argument范文精讲
Argument中的逻辑错误及应对策略
Argument 1 Should Nature's Way open a store in Plainesville?
Argument 3 Hiring new law school graduates
Argument 6 A jazz club for Monroe
Argument 7 Clearview's city-council election
Argument 8 Mesa foods: a profitable investment?
Argument 9 Grade inflation at Omega University
Argument 10 The price of milk
Argument 11 The recycling habits of West Egg's residents
Argument 14 Green Thumb Gardening Center
Argument 18 Speed limits in Prunty County
Argument 19 Promoting the rock band Double Rice
Argument 23 A seafood restaurant for Bay City
Argument 26 Improving a school district's music education programs
Argument 28 Breakfast for students in the Mylar school district
Argument 141 The environmental impact of copper mining
Argument 142 The link between iron in the diet and heart disease
Argument 144 Rates of charitable donations
Argument 148 Monroetown's election between Brown and Greene
Argument 150 Yosemite's amphibian decline
Argument 152 Saving Tria's beach sand and its tourist industry
Argument 155 Learning to read by listening to books on tape
Argument 156 Dickens Academ's interpersonal-skills seminars
Argument 158 Garbage sites and the health of nearby residents
Argument 160 Improving learning and memory
Argument 161 The reading habits of Leeville citizens
Argument 162 Eating soy to prevent fatigue and depression
Argument 166 Comparing cold medications
Argument 167 Lavender as a cure for insomnia
Argument 168 Vitamin D, calcium, and bone mass in older people
Argument 172 The Mozart School of Music
Argument 173 International cover stories and magazine sales
Argument 174 Should Grove College adopt a coeducational policy?
Argument 176 The health benefits of Venadial
Argument 178 Employee compensation at National Brush Company
Argument 181 Sleep and academic performance
Argument 186 Automobile factory workers age and productivity
Argument 188 The effectiveness of pain medication
Argument 192 The benefits of merging two townships
Argument 194 Left-handed people and success in business
Argument 201 Have Forsythe citizens adopted healthier lifestyles?
Argument 202 Extinction of mammals in the Kaliko islands
Argument 203 Small nonprofit hospitals vs. large for-profit hospitals
Argument 208 The need for more electric generating plants
Argument 210 Increasing factory efficiency by using robots
Argument 214 Funding public schools in Blue City and Parson City
Argument 217 A fitness-gym franchise opportunity
Argument 220 The rewards for book writers vs. television writers
Argument 221 Jobs for Hooper's social science majors
Argument 224 Governor Riedeburg's candidacy
Argument 236 Will business incentives help Beauville's economy?

第五章  Argument范文精选
Argument 2 Enhancing property values at Deerhaven Acres
Argument 4 Which real estate firm is better?
Argument 12 Worker safety at Alta Manufacturing
Argument 15 Investing in Old Dairy stock
Argument 16 A lottery for Impecunia
Argument 17 Walnut Grove's trash collection service
Argument 20 Restricting moped rentals on Balmer Island
Argument 21 The demand for alpaca overcoats
Argument 22 The market for new houses in Steel City
Argument 24 The best location for Viva-Tech's new plant
Argument 25 A new golf course and resort hotel for Hopewell
Argument 27 How Automate can retain its best workers
Argument 140 A salary raise and promotion for Professor Thomas
Argument 143 The effects of corporate downsizing
Argument 145 The relationship between snoring and weight gain
Argument 146 Encouraging students to use school libraries
Argument 147 The prospects for Whirlwind video-game sales
Argument 149 Aircraft maintenance and airline profits
Argument 151 Blaming the mayor for problems with River Bridge
Argument 153 Violent teenage crime and television programming
Argument 154 Exercise and longevity
Argument 157 Local merchants and a new ski resort
Argument 159 How to save money on electricity
Argument 163 Replacing an old town hall
Argument 164 New housing for Claitown University students
Argument 165 Promofoods' recall of its cans of tuna
Argument 169 Attracting new faculty to Pierce University
Argument 170 The price of oysters
Argument 171 Bargain Brand Cereal profits
Argument 175 Driver's education at Centerville High
Argument 177 Membership in Oak City's Civic Club
Argument 179 Selecting a food service provider for an employee cafeteria
Argument 180 The benefits of the Easy Read Speed-Reading Course
Argument 182 Should Happy Pancake House serve margarine or butter?
Argument 183 Outlook for new hires and layoffs
Argument 184 Replacing Bayhead Public Library's books
Argument 185 Saving water at the Sunnyside Towers
Argument 187 Preventing depression by eating more fish
Argument 189 How to increase enrollment at Foley College
Argument 190 Advance ticket sales for Glenville's concerts
Argument 191 Distance-learning courses at Xanadu College
Argument 193 Homework assignments and academic performance
Argument 195 Liber Publishing Company's waning profits
Argument 200 Dentists who advertise
Argument 204 Peanuts as a replacement for sugar crops
Argument 205 Reducing crime in the city of Amburg
Argument 206 Organized sports for Parkville's children
Argument 207 The ozone layer and the salamander population
Argument 209 A new president for the Fancy Toy Company
Argument 211 A job-opportunity program for Waymarsh University
Argument 212 Patriot car company's marketing strategy
Argument 213 Boosting Armchair Video's profits
Argument 215 Water rationing and economic growth
Argument 216 The benefits of retiring to Clearview
Argument 218 Maintaining profits at Hyper-Go Toy Company
Argument 223 How to increase profitability ay ABC Cereal Company
Argument 225 Meeting consumer demand for automobiles
Argument 226 Improving Central Plaza's attractiveness
Argument 227 The benefits of a new expressway
Argument 229 Transopolis' urban renewal plan
Argument 230 Should the school board's members be reelected
Argument 231 Advertising Eco-Power tools and appliances
Argument 232 Choosing a paving contractor
Argument 233 Does small-town life promote better health and greater longevity?
Argument 234 A change in programming format for KNOW radio station
Argument 235 Solano's music education programs
Argument 237 Mira Vista College's job-placement record
Argument 239 A new dormitory for Buckingham College
Argument 240 Finding new jobs for laid-off XYZ company employees
Argument 241 Cheating at Groveton College

序言
从2002年10月起,所有GRE考生参加GRE考试时,必须撰写两篇作文:
·对一个是非问题(Issue)提出你自己的见解(45分钟)
·分析一个逻辑问题(Argument)(30分钟)
机考系统会从官方的题库中随机抽取题目作为你的GRE写作考题。好消息:
GRE考题的制定方——美国教育考试服务中心(ETS)已经预先透露了GRE写作考题的完全题库。这样,只要你愿意付出努力,就可以对每一道题都有所准备。更好的消息:
本书囊括了超过200道的GRE官方作文题库高分样文!(你在第二至第五章中可以找到它们。)而且,本书的第一章还介绍了在作文考题上获得高分的所有技巧。怎样在线升级GRE作文题库。

文摘
第一章 GRE写作应试指导
自2002年10月起,GRE考试新添了写作题:Issue(是非问题分析)作文和Argument(逻辑问题分析)作文。如果您准备参加GRE考试,这本书能给您提供写出高分作文的所有技巧。在本章您会学到:
·怎样组织和写作Issue高分作文
·怎样组织和写作Argument高分作文
·作文考试的计算机界面是怎样的
·考试专用文字处理软件有何特点
·GRE作文是怎样打分和评估的
·怎样充分利用你有限的时间备考
在后四章中,我们给出了200多篇范文,全部和GRE考试官方题库中的问题相符。我们建议您登录互联网,下载GRE考试题库。ETS(美国教育考试服务中心)官方网站的题库可以免费下载。或许您不需要获取官方题库就能从这本书中获得很大的收获,但是您如果手头上有官方题库,您从本书中得到的收获会更多。获取考试题库,请参照本书附带的指示说明,并登录其网站。
一、GRE写作概要
考试内容
GRE作文考题由两个不同的部分组成:
·针对某一是非问题给出你的个人见解(45分钟)。考生需要有广泛的知识面。
·对某一论点做出分析(30分钟)。你必须对特定的论点进行评述。
2.作文题库
在计算机考试系统的题库中,储存的Issue题目和Argument题目分别超过了200道。在你考试的过程中,系统会为你随机抽取两道Issue题目,你要从中选择一道作为你的Issue作文题。但是,Argument题目是不可选择的;系统会为你随机抽取一道题目作为你的Argument考题。

内容简介
《新东方·GRE官方题库范文精讲》提供200多道GRE作文真题及其范文,精讲其中的近100篇,并分析总结了Issue和Argument高分写作技巧,指导你立竿见影地提高作文成绩。同时还帮助你揣摩评卷人的心理,使你真正做到知己知彼,百战不殆。
GRE写作备考方略;GRE写作的建议与禁忌;Issue特征、要则与写作流程;Argument逻辑错误及应对策略;GRE写作评分、成绩通知和成绩评估。

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