21世纪中国语言文学通用教材:中国文化读本.pdf

21世纪中国语言文学通用教材:中国文化读本.pdf
 

书籍描述

内容简介
《21世纪中国语言文学通用教材:中国文化读本(英文版)》内容涉及中国文化的起源、中国古代重要的哲学家和思想家及其主要的思想理念、古代中国的文化成就、以及社会民俗文化(建筑、绘画、戏曲、书法、饮食、酒、茶、丝绸、武术)等。《21世纪中国语言文学通用教材:中国文化读本(英文版)》以英语为媒介,把内容教学和语言表达有效结合起来,把内容和趣味性结合起来,同时在使用英语语言的过程中,提高学生的语言技能,扩展学生的知识面,进而提高民族文化的认同感、正确的人生素养。《21世纪中国语言文学通用教材:中国文化读本(英文版)》既可作为国内中国文化的双语教材,又可作为国外留学生学习中国文化的绝佳读本。

编辑推荐
《21世纪中国语言文学通用教材:中国文化读本(英文版)》由中国人民大学出版社出版。

作者简介
李萧红,陕西科技大学镐京学院副教授。著作有《医古文翻译技巧》(主编,上海中医药大学出版社, 1999.8); 《英语四六级语法词汇-重点难点精解》(主编,西安交通大学出版社,1999.9); 《美国的节日-英汉对照读物》(主编, 哈尔滨工程科技大学出版社, 2003);《大学英语四级词汇联想+识记》(主编,西安交通大学出版社, 2013.11)。

目录
Chapter 1 Origin and Development of Chinese Culture
Unit 1 Overview of Chinese Civilization
Unit 2 Early Chinese Civilization
Unit 3 Civilization in Legendary Period
Unit 4 Yu the Great and Flood Control
Unit 5 Xia,Shang,and Zhou Dynasties
Chapter 2 Philosophical Wisdom and Beliefs
Unit 1 Earliest Written Philosophies
Unit 2 Confucius and Confucian Thought
Unit 3 Mencius and His Influence
Unit 4 Lao Tzu and Tao Te Ching
Unit 5 Chuang Tzu and His Philosophical Views
Unit 6 Other Ancient Chinese Philosophers
Unit 7 Morals and Values
Unit 8 Chinese Taoism
Unit 9 Chinese Buddhism
Chapter 3 Cultural Achievements
Unit 1 Chinese Pottery and Porcelain
Unit 2 Chinese Language and Characters
Unit 3 Sun Tzus Art of War
Unit 4 Four Great Inventions
Unit 5 Mythology and Classical Folktales
Unit 6 Ming and Qing Dynasty Novels
Unit 7 Traditional Chinese Medicine
Chapter 4 Chinese Art Forms
Unit 1 Chinese Folk Art Culture
Unit 2 Chinese Painting and Calligraphy
Unit 3 Chinese Opera
Unit 4 Traditional Chinese Architecture
Unit 5 Chinese Silk
Unit 6 Chinese Martial Arts
Unit 7 Traditional Festivals and Folk Customs
Unit 8 Chinese Tea Culture
Unit 9 Chinese Food Culture
Unit 10 Chinese Wine Culture
参考文献

文摘
版权页:



The Tao is also spiritual.Or in other words,the Tao itself is nothingness or non-ex- istence.Since all things of the world are born from the Tao,it is equally natural to say that they are born from nothingness.That is why Lao Tzu says,"That existence springs from the Tao as non-existent and unnamed."
The ontological Tao is the combination of the spiritual and the materialistic.Lao Tzu understands that the conversion between existence and non-existence must undergo a process of conditional change.He knows that the Tao(Nothingness)can't beget all things in the world once and for all.Instead,there must be an orderly process from one to two, three...etc.He states,"A tree that fills the arms grows from a tiny shoot.A tower of nine stories begins from a small heap of earth.A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step." It is obviously that Lao Tzu clearly recognizes the necessary process of con version between quality and quantity.It is only out of a consideration of the philosophical brevity in expression that he avoids being existence involved in describing the countless links of gradual evolution between existence and non-existence.He wisely gets hold of the extremes of universal phenomena:the substantial Being and Nothingness (the materialistic and the spiritual).Furthermore,he umfies these two extremes into the Tao.
Tao as the Dialectic Law
The Law of Nature-According to Lao Tzu, there are various laws underlying all things of the universe including Heaven,Earth,and Man.However the best and most functional law is "let the things take their own course naturally."He says, "Man takes his law from the Earth.The Earth takes its law from Heaven.Heaven takes its law from the Tao.The law of the Tao is its being what it is."
The Tao is the Law of the Unity of Opposites.Reversibility is the basic motion of the Tao;that is,two opposite sides that form a contradiction will turn in their opposite directions.Contradictions are universal.The two opposite sides are by no means isolated but are mutually interdependent.He says, "In recognizing beauty,we have the idea of ugliness; in knowing something as good,we consider other things as not good.So it is that:existence and non-existence give birth to one another; difficulty and ease complement one another; length and shortness fashion each other; height and lowness contrast with one another in position;tones and voice interdepend on each other in harmony;before and behind follow each other in company." The concepts also appear in Chapter 20:"The partial becomes complete; the crooked becomes straight; the empty becomes full; the worn becomes new.The saying of the ancients,that 'the partial becomes complete' is indeed true.

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