Beyond Bolano: The Global Latin American Novel.pdf
Through a comparative analysis of the novels of Roberto Bolano and the fictional work of Cesar Aira, Mario Bellatin, Diamela Eltit, Chico Buarque, Alberto Fuguet, and Fernando Vallejo, among other contemporaries, Hector Hoyos defines new trends in how we read and write in a globalized era. Calling attention to fresh innovations in form, voice, perspective, and representation, he also affirms the lead role of Latin American authors in reshaping world literature. Focusing on post-1989 Latin American novels and their representation of globalization, Hoyos considers the narrative techniques and aesthetic choices Latin American authors make to assimilate the conflicting forces at work in our increasingly interconnected world. Challenging the assumption that globalization leads to cultural homogenization, his book identifies the rich textual strategies that estrange and re-mediate power relations both within literary canons and across global cultural hegemonies. Hoyos shines a light on the unique, avant garde phenomena that animate these works, such as modeling literary circuits after the dynamics of the art world, imagining counterfactual "Nazi" histories, exposing the limits of escapist narratives, and formulating textual forms that resist worldwide literary consumerism. These experiments help reconfigure received ideas about global culture and advance new, creative articulations of world consciousness.
This is an outstanding example of scholarly writing and critical thinking. It challenges conventional ways of talking about and teaching Latin American literature, while at the same time resisting a facile globalization whereby Latin American literature a companion to the presumed centers of world literature. -- David William Foster, Regents' Professor of Spanish and Women and Gender Studies, Arizona State University A must-read for anyone interested in the ongoing discussion on world literature, using the work of Roberto Bolano as Ansatzpunkt to latinamericanize that discussion and to explore what contemporary Latin American literature can tell us about ideologies of the global" -- Theo D'haen, University of Leuven/Louvain, author of the Routledge Concise History of World Literature Hector Hoyos makes a strong argument for reading the novels of the Chilean author as an epochal shift from the national narrative to novels whose characters and events are situated within a global scenario. Borges can be said to have envisaged the grounding of the local within the global when he described "El Aleph," the tiny object in which the entire world is reflected. Professor Hoyos argues convincingly that in contemporary fiction, settings such as the supermarket, the art world, the narco territory constitute such alephs. Focusing on the novels of Cesar Aira, Chico Buarque, Diamela Eltit, Fernando Vallejo, and Mario Bellatin, Beyond Bolano offers a stimulating discussion of this contemporary turn. -- Jean Franco, Professor Emerita at Columbia University Hector Hoyos offers a fascinating analysis of what "the globe" looks like from Latin America. An ambitious and necessary reframing of the world literature debates, Beyond Bolano is also an exemplary illustration of what textured literary analysis can tell us about the the geopolitics of cultural prestige. -- David Kurnick, Rutgers University
Hector Hoyos is an assistant professor of Latin American literature and culture at Stanford University, where he teaches contemporary fiction and literary theory. He holds a Ph.D. in romance studies from Cornell University and degrees in philosophy and literature from Universidad de los Andes in Bogota.
AcknowledgmentsIntroduction: Globalization as Form1. Nazi Tales from the Americas at the Turn of the Twenty-first Century2. The Cosmopolitics of South--South Escapism3. All the World's a Supermarket (and All the Men and Women Merely Shoppers)4. Iconocracy and Political Theology of Narconovelas5. On Duchamp and Beuys as Latin American WritersConclusion: The Promise of MultipolarismNotesBibliographyIndex