Anonymous Soldiers: The Struggle for Israel, 1917-1947.pdf
A landmark history of the battles between Jews, Arabs, and the British that led to the creation of Israel, based on newly available documents from the National Archives in Britain.
Anonymous Soldiers brilliantly re-creates a crucial period in the establishment of Israel, chronicling three decades of growing anti-colonial unrest that culminated in the end of British rule and the UN resolution to create two separate states. Based on newly available documents, this groundbreaking book tells in riveting detail the story of how Britain, in the twilight of empire, struggled and ultimately failed to reconcile competing Arab and Jewish demands. Above all, Hoffman shows how the "anonymous soldiers" of Irgun and Lehi beat the British and set in motion the chain of events that resulted in Israel's creation. This is a towering accomplishment of research and narrative: one of the most detailed and sustained accounts of a terrorist and counterterrorist campaign ever written, which will be the definitive account of the struggle for Israel for years to come.
Advance praise for Anonymous Soldiers:
“Terror works – at least sometimes – and there is no better proof than the success of the Israeli underground during the British Mandate in Palestine. In Anonymous Soldiers, Bruce Hoffman, the dean of counterterrorist scholars, explores the history and methods that would become the template for terrorist movements of the present day. This book will become a classic on the shelf of those who seek to understand and fight against non-state actors, who were themselves inspired by the Israeli example.” —Lawrence Wright, author of The Looming Tower and Thirteen Days in September
“This is the most important book for years on the prehistory of the state of Israel. Based to a large extent sources not tapped hitherto. At the same time it is an invaluable contribution to the history of political violence and counterterrorism, shedding new light on conditions in which terrorism succeeds and when it fails." —Walter Laqueur, author of A History of Zionism
“Anonymous Soldiers is the best comprehensive study of the Jewish extremists' terror\guerrilla campaign against the British in Palestine in the years 1939-1947. It is also a fine case study of a modern insurgency and counter-insurgency, with lessons for all students of terrorist\urban guerrilla wars around the globe. Hoffman is properly mindful of what motivated both the Jews and the British and of the decision-making processes at each turn in the bloody saga. And it is based on a very thorough trawl through the British and American archives, making it a lasting contribution to the historiography of British Mandate Palestine. Henceforward, few will be able to avoid the conclusion that the extremists' bloodletting was a primary cause of Britain's decision to leave, indeed, abandon, Palestine.” —Benny Morris, author of Righteous Victims
BRUCE HOFFMAN is the director of the Center for Security Studies and director of the Security Studies Program at Georgetown University's Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service and a Senior Fellow at the U.S. Military Academy's Combating Terrorism Center. His previous books include Inside Terrorism (2006), and The Failure of British Military Strategy within Palestine, 1939--1947 (1983).