高等凝聚态物理.pdf

高等凝聚态物理.pdf
 

书籍描述

内容简介
《高等凝聚态物理(英文影印版)》讨论了凝聚态物理的各个方面。特别地,本书讨论了表面物理、量子霍尔效应和超流等其他凝聚态物理书中不常讨论的问题。本书可以作为物理学,特别是凝聚态物理领域的研究者和研究生阅读,对于化学、工程学中与之相关的研究方向的研究者和研究生也适用。

编辑推荐
《高等凝聚态物理(英文影印版)》是引进自剑桥大学出版社的影印版学术专著。凝聚态物理无疑是当代物理中最活跃的领域。本书最大的特点是侧重于对物理直观的阐述,而不是拘泥于过于抽象的数学推演,这对研究生和初涉这一领域的研究者来说非常难得。本书是对凝聚态物理感兴趣的读者不可错过的佳作。

作者简介
(美)桑德尔(L. M. Sander),美国密歇根大学教授。

目录
Preface page xi
1 The nature of condensed matter 1
1.1 Some basic orders of magnitude 1
1.2 Quantum or classical 3
1.3 Chemical bonds 3
1.4 The exchange interaction 5
Suggested reading 6
Problems 6
2 Order and disorder 8
2.1 Ferromagnets 9
2.2 Crystals 16
2.3 Other ordered states 21
2.4 Order parameters 21
2.5 Disordered condensed matter 22
Suggested reading 23
Problems 23
3 Crystals, scattering, and correlations 25
3.1 Crystals 25
3.2 Fourier analysis and the reciprocal lattice 32
3.3 Scattering 37
3.4 Correlation functions 46
Suggested reading 50
Problems 51
4 Surfaces and crystal growth 53
4.1 Observing surfaces: scanning tunneling microscopy 53
4.2 Surfaces and surface tension 54
4.3 Roughening 60
4.4 Equilibrium crystal shapes 62
4.5 Crystal growth 64
Suggested reading 71
Problems 71
5 Classical and quantum waves 73
5.1 Lattice vibrations and phonons 73
5.2 Spin waves and magnons 102
5.3 Neutron scattering 107
5.4 M鰏sbauer effect 110
5.5 Two dimensions 111
Suggested reading 112
Problems 112
6 The non-interacting electron model 114
6.1 Sommerfeld model 114
6.2 Thermally excited states and heat capacity 120
6.3 Band theory 122
Suggested reading 135
Problems 135
7 Dynamics of non-interacting electrons 139
7.1 Drude model 139
7.2 Transport in Sommerfeld theory 141
7.3 Semiclassical theory of transport 143
7.4 Scattering and the Boltzmann equation 146
7.5 Donors and acceptors in semiconductors 151
7.6 Excitons 152
7.7 Semiconductor devices 153
7.8 Large magnetic fields 156
Suggested reading 168
Problems 169
8 Dielectric and optical properties 172
8.1 Dielectric functions 172
8.2 The fluctuation-dissipation theorem 174
8.3 Self-consistent response 177
8.4 The RPA dielectric function 181
8.5 Optical properties of crystals 187
Suggested reading 189
Problems 189
9 Electron interactions 193
9.1 Fermi liquid theory 193
9.2 Many-electron atoms 198
9.3 Metals in the Hartree-Fock approximation 202
9.4 Correlation energy of jellium 205
9.5 Inhomogeneous electron systems 210
9.6 Electrons and phonons 216
9.7 Strong interactions and magnetism in metals 220
Suggested reading 224
Problems 224
10 Superfluidity and superconductivity 226
10.1 Bose-Einstein condensation and superfluidity 227
10.2 Helium-3 235
10.3 Superconductivity 236
10.4 Microscopic theory 241
10.5 Ginsburg-Landau theory 253
10.6 Josephson effect 259
Suggested reading 261
Problems 261
References 263
Index 269

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