等离子体物理导论:空间和实验室应用.pdf

等离子体物理导论:空间和实验室应用.pdf
 

书籍描述

内容简介
《等离子体物理导论——空间和实验室应用(英文影印版)》重点讲述基础等离子体理论,以及空间和实验室等离子体的应用,内容涵盖单粒子运动、动理学、磁动力学、冷或热等离子体的小振幅波、非线性现象和碰撞效应等内容。讨论了行星磁层和辐射带、在聚变设备中的等离子体的稳定和囚禁、太阳风中不连续和冲击波的传播等应用。
《等离子体物理导论——空间和实验室应用(英文影印版)》适合等离子体物理领域的研究者、研究生和高年级本科生阅读。

编辑推荐
《等离子体物理导论——空间和实验室应用(英文影印版)》为影印版学术专著,原书由剑桥大学出版社于2005年出版。等离子体物理是发展迅速的研究领域,其应用也已经非常广泛。本书由此领域国际著名专家写成,系统而深入地讲解了等离子体物理的各种应用。对于等离子体物理,乃至相关的各各学科的读者来说,本书都是不可多得的佳作。

作者简介
(美)格尼特(D. A. Gurnett)、(美)巴塔查尔吉,美国爱荷华大学教授。

目录
Preface page ix
1 Introduction 1
2 Characteristic parameters of a plasma 5
2.1 Number density and temperature 5
2.2 Debye length 7
2.3 Plasma frequency 10
2.4 Cyclotron frequency 12
2.5 Collision frequency 13
2.6 Number of electrons per Debye cube 15
2.7 The de Broglie wavelength and quantum effects 17
2.8 Representative plasma parameters 18
3 Single particle motions 23
3.1 Motion in a static uniform magnetic field 23
3.2 Motion in perpendicular electric and magnetic fields 26
3.3 Gradient and curvature drifts 32
3.4 Motion in a magnetic mirror field 39
3.5 Motion in a time varying magnetic field 45
3.6 Adiabatic invariants 48
3.7 The Hamiltonian method 60
3.8 Chaotic orbits 68
4 Waves in a cold plasma 75
4.1 Fourier representation of waves 75
4.2 General form of the dispersion relation 84
4.3 Waves in a cold uniform unmagnetized plasma 87
4.4 Waves in a cold uniform magnetized plasma 94
4.5 Ray paths in inhomogeneous plasmas 127
5 Kinetic theory and the moment equations 137
5.1 The distribution function 137
5.2 The Boltzmann and Vlasov equations 140
5.3 Solutions based on constants of the motion 144
5.4 The moment equations 146
5.5 Electron and ion pressure waves 155
5.6 Collisional drag force 162
5.7 Ambipolar diffusion 166
6 Magnetohydrodynamics 175
6.1 The basic equations of MHD 175
6.2 Magnetic pressure 183
6.3 Magnetic field convection and diffusion 185
6.4 The energy equation 192
6.5 Magnetohydrodynamic waves 195
6.6 Static MHD equilibrium 204
6.7 MHD stability 219
6.8 Magnetic reconnection 240
7 Discontinuities and shock waves 251
7.1 The MHD jump conditions 252
7.2 Classification of discontinuities 255
7.3 Shock waves 258
8 Electrostatic waves in a hot unmagnetized plasma 281
8.1 The Vlasov approach 281
8.2 The Landau approach 290
8.3 The plasma dispersion function 308
8.4 The dispersion relation for a multi-component plasma 311
8.5 Stability 318
9 Waves in a hot magnetized plasma 341
9.1 Linearization of the Vlasov equation 342
9.2 Electrostatic waves 345
9.3 Electromagnetic waves 367
10 Non-linear effects 391
10.1 Quasi-linear theory 391
10.2 Stationary non-linear electrostatic potentials 406
11 Collisional processes 415
11.1 Binary Coulomb collisions 416
11.2 Importance of small-angle collisions 417
11.3 The Fokker–Planck equation 420
11.4 Conductivity of a fully ionized plasma 427
11.5 Collision operator for Maxwellian distributions of electrons
and ions 431
Appendix A Symbols 435
Appendix B Vector differential operators 441
Appendix C Vector calculus identities 443
Index 445

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