Access and Expansion Post-Massification: Opportunities and Barriers to Further Growth in Higher Education Participation....pdf

Access and Expansion Post-Massification: Opportunities and Barriers to Further Growth in Higher Education Participation....pdf


The 21st century has the potential to be the era of universal higher education access: the post-massification century. The growth of knowledge-based service industries and an increased need for technological and social innovations require more education, training, and re-training at the post-secondary level. This edited collection addresses the crucial issues emerging from this ongoing expansion of higher education, focusing on how national systems of higher education can respond to demands for further expansion when traditional routes to higher education have been largely exhausted: Does it make a difference how secondary education systems are organized? Can we encourage underrepresented groups to participate in higher education, offering them new ways of experiencing higher education without sacrificing quality? What role will new suppliers of higher education, such as private providers, play? Are there innovative ways to manage the finances of universal access, including tuition fees and student loans? Will all social groups benefit equally from expansion, and find the institution and program that fits their needs? Experienced researchers offer insights, national strategies, and policy examples from around the world, giving researchers and policymakers the tools to expand higher education into the era of the knowledge society. Expansion will require different modes of delivery, new system models, revised qualification structures, changes to the role played by government, and a revision of the public-private finance mix. While this may lead to tensions in terms of the quality, efficiency or equality of opportunity in the higher education system, there are also new opportunities for students and higher education institutions.

1. Introduction: the nature of massification, Ben Jongbloed and Hans Vossensteyn, Netherlands 2. The route to higher education, Petr Mateju, Czech Republic 3. Access and equity: the position of disadvantaged social groups, Gareth Parry, UK 4. Lifelong learning: trends and policies 5. New suppliers of higher education, Dominik Antonowicz, Poland 6. New funding approaches, Caroline Hoxby. US 7. New modes of delivery: the potential of part-time education, Claire Callendar, UK 8. Tuition fees and student loans, Ian Dobson, Australia 9. Effectiveness of student financial aid, Ross Finnie & Alex Usher, Canada 10. Student guidance and student selection, Ellen Hazelkorn, Ireland 11. New philosophies of massification: examples from Asia, Ka-Ho Mok, Hong Kong 12. The non-university sector, Bill Zumeta, US 13. Conclusions: back to the future, Ben Jongbloed and Hans Vossensteyn


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