Ecocultures: Blueprints for Sustainable Communities.pdf
The world faces a 'perfect storm' of social and ecological stresses, including climate change, habitat loss, resource degradation and social, economic and cultural change. In order to cope with these, communities are struggling to transition to sustainable ways of living that improve well-being and increase resilience. This book demonstrates how communities in both developed and developing countries are already taking action to maintain or build resilient and sustainable lifestyles. These communities, here designated as 'Ecocultures', are exemplars of the art and science of sustainable living. Though they form a diverse group, they organise themselves around several common organising principles including an ethic of care for nature, a respect for community, high ecological knowledge, and a desire to maintain and improve personal and social wellbeing. Case studies from both developed and developing countries including Australia, Brazil, Finland, Greenland, India, Indonesia, South Africa, UK and USA, show how, based on these principles, communities have been able to increase social, ecological and personal wellbeing and resilience. They also address how other more mainstream communities are beginning to transition to more sustainable, resilient alternatives. Some examples also illustrate the decline of ecocultures in the face of economic pressures, globalisation and climate change. Theoretical chapters examine the barriers and bridges to wider application of these examples. Overall, the volume describes how ecocultures can provide the global community with important lessons for a wider transition to sustainability and will show how we can redefine our personal and collective futures around these principles.
Steffen Bohm is Director of the Essex Sustainability Institute and Professor in Management and Sustainability at the University of Essex, Colchester, UK. Zareen Pervez Bharucha is Senior Research Officer in the Department of Sociology, University of Essex and a member of the Essex Sustainability Institute. Jules Pretty is Professor of Environment and Society and Deputy Vice-Chancellor of the University of Essex.
Part 1: Established Ecocultures 1. Ecocultures: Towards Sustainable Ways of Living Steffen Bohm, Zareen Pervez Bharucha and Jules Pretty 2. Maritime Ecocultures: Bajau Communities of Eastern Indonesia Julian Clifton 3. Ice Fishing Cultures of North Karelia, Finland: The Case of Puruvesi Winter Seining Tero Mustonen 4. Environmental Knowledge in Motion: Ingenuity and Perseverance of Hunters among North Greenland Naotaka Hayashi 5. Resilience and Returning to Country: Rainforest Aboriginal People of the Wet Tropics of Queensland, Australia Leanne Cullen-Unsworth and Marilyn Wallace 6. Changing with the Seasons: How Himalayan Communities Cope with Climate Change Chicu Lokgariwar Part 2: Emerging Ecocultures 7. "Distant Music of the Future": Lessons from Lynedoch EcoVillage, Stellenbosch, South Africa Eve Annecke 8. Social-ecological Resilience at Sao Jose Ecovillage, South Brazil Leopoldo Cavaleri Gerhardinger, Gustavo C.M. Martins, Alexandre Paulo Teixeira Moreira, Cristian Curti and Cristiana Simao Seixas 9. The Evolution of Eco Detroit Jacob Corvidae 10. Promoting Home Energy Retrofitting to Combat Climate Change: The Case of Bristol Green Doors Jane Hindley 11. Living Ecocultures of the Great Transition Larch Maxey Part 3: The Future for Ecocultures 12. Ecocultures of Transition: New, Traditional and Alternative Ways of Living in the 'Adjacent Possible' Steve Quilley 13. Ecocultural Assemblages in the Urbanizing Global South Mark Swilling 14. Ecocultures: Lesson Learnt and Paths into the Future Steffen Bohm, Zareen Pervez Bharucha and Jules Pretty