Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Ethics.pdf
This Encyclopedia offers a definitive source on issues pertaining to the full range of topics in the important new area of food and agricultural ethics. It includes summaries of historical approaches, current scholarship, social movements, and new trends from the standpoint of the ethical notions that have shaped them. It combines detailed analyses of specific topics such as the role of antibiotics in animal production, the Green Revolution, and alternative methods of organic farming, with longer entries that summarize general areas of scholarship and explore ways that they are related. Renewed debate, discussion and inquiry into food and agricultural topics have become a hallmark of the turn toward more sustainable policies and lifestyles in the 21st century. Attention has turned to the goals and ethical rationale behind production, distribution and consumption of food, as well as to non-food uses of cultivated biomass and the products of animal husbandry. These wide-ranging debates encompass questions in human nutrition, animal rights and the environmental impacts of aquaculture and agricultural production. Each of these and related topics is both technically complex and involves an - often implicit - ethical dimension. Other topics include methods for integrating ethics into scientific and technical research programs or development projects, the role of intensive agriculture and biotechnology in addressing persistent world hunger and the role of crops, forests and engineered organisms in making a transition to renewable, carbon-neutral sources of energy. The Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Ethics proves an indispensible reference point for future research and writing on topics in agriculture and food ethics for decades to come.
Paul B. Thompson is W.K. Kellogg Chair in Agricultural, Food and Community Ethics, Department of Philosophy, Michigan State University, with partial appointments in the Agricultural Economics and Resource Development Departments. He previously held positions as Distinguished Professor of Philosophy and Director, Center for Food Animal Productivity and Wellbeing at Purdue University and prior to that positions as Professor of Philosophy and Agricultural Economics and Director, Center for Science and Technology Policy and Ethics, at Texas A&M University. Editorial positions at Springer are a jointly held position of editor-in-chief of the bookseries The International Library of Environmental, Agricultural and Food Ethics, and membership of the editorial boards of the journals Agriculture and Human Values, and Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics. David M. Kaplan is Associate Professor in the Department of Philosophy and Religion at the University of North Texas. He previously held a position at Polytechnic University, Brooklyn. He is the currently the Director of the Philosophy of Food Project at the University of North Texas: www.food.unt.edu
Absentee Landlords and Agriculture.- Access to land and the right to food.- Aesthetic Value, Art, and Food.- Africa, food and agriculture.- African Food Security Urban Network (AFSUN).- Agrarianism and the Ethics of Eating.- Agricultural and Food Products in Preferential Trade Agreements.- Agricultural Cooperatives.- Agricultural Ethics.- Agricultural science and ethics.- Agricultural sciences and non-food crops: Biofuels as an exemplar of ethical controversies.- Agriculture and Ethical Change.- Agriculture and finance.- Agriculture of the Middle.- Alcohol Abstinence and Sobriety.- Alcohol as food and the good life.- Alimentary Delinquency.- American Cuisine, Existence Of American Food Rhetoric.- Ancestral Cuisine and Cooking Rituals.- Animal Agriculture and Welfare Footprints.- Animal welfare in the context of animal production.- Animal Welfare-A Critical Examination of the Concept.- Aroid Production and Postharvest Practices.- Artisinal Food Production and Craft.- Asian Cuisine: ethical considerations.- Authenticity in Food.- Beef Production: Ethical issues.- Biodiversity.- Biodiversity and global development.- Biodynamic Agriculture.- Bioethics at Purdue University.- Biofuels: ethical aspects.- Biopharming.- Biosecurity and Food Systems.- Biotechnology and food policy, governance.- Body Image, Gender and Food.- Brazilian agriculture.- Brillat Savarin and food.- Buddhism, Cooking and Eating.- Buddhist Perspectives on Food and Agricultural Ethics.- Canada, US-EU beef hormone dispute.- Cannibalism.- Carbon Farming.- Carnism.- Centre for Animal Welfare and Ethics.- Child Nutrition Guidelines and Gender.- Chinese Agriculture.- Chocolate: Ethical Dimensions.- Christian Ethics and Vegetarianism.- Christian Mysticism and Food.- Christian Perspectives on Food and Agricultural Ethics.- Christian Stewardship in Agriculture.- Christianity and food.- Civic Agriculture.- Climate change, ethics and food production.- Community supported agriculture.- Company identity in the food industry.- Conservation Agriculture: Farmer Adoption and Policy Issues.- Conventionalization Hypothesis.- Cooking Tools and Techniques: Ethical Issues.- Cooking, Food Consumption, and Globalization: Ethical Considerations.- Corporate farms.- Corporate Social Responsibility and Food.- Cosmopolitanism, Localism and Food.- Cross contamination of crops in Horticulture.- Cuban Agriculture.- Culinary cosmopolitanism.- Culinary Tourism.- Derrida and eating Dieting, Weight loss, yo-yo dieting.- East European agriculture.- Eating disorders.- Eating disorders and disturbed eating.- Eating from a nutrition point of view.- Eating Invasive Species.- Eating, feeding and disability.- Eating, feeding and the human life cycle.- Ecofeminist food ethics.- Economy of agriculture and food.- Ecosystems, Food, Agriculture and Ethics.- Ecotopia.- Egg production- Ethical issues.- Emergency Food System: Soup Kitchens and Food Pantries.- Environmental and Animal Pragmatism.- Environmental Ethics.- Environmental justice and food.- Epicureanism and Food.- Equipment Sharing in Agriculture.- Escoffier.- Ethical activism with consideration of the routine of food culture.- Ethical Issues of Technologies used for Animal Breeding.- Ethical Matrix and Agriculture.- Ethics and Food Taste.- Ethics of Agricultural Development And Food Rights In International Organizations: Historical And Contemporary Perspective.- Ethics of Dietitians.- Ethics of Nutrigenomics.- Ethnicity, ethnic identity and food.- EU regulatory conflicts over GM food: Lessons for the future.- European Cuisine : ethical considerations.- Expertise in Agriculture: Scientific and Ethical Issues.- Extra-territorial obligations of States and the right to food.- Fair Trade in Food and Agricultural Products.- Farm Management.- Farmer Types and Motivation.- Farmer-scientist knowledge exchange Farmers' Markets.- Farms: Small Vs Large.- Fasting.- Feeding Children.- Food addiction.- Food Additives and International Trade.- Food advertising, children and gender.- Food allergies: Ethical Issues.- Food and Agricultural Trade and National Sovereignty.- Food and Agriculture in Bangladesh.- Food and Choice.- Food and Class.- Food and Eating Etiquette.- Food and health policy: in an age of austerity and globalization.- Food and place.- Food and Poverty in High Income Countries.- Food and Rituals and Ethics.- Food and the Avant-Garde: Eating Art, Interpreting Food.- Food and life chances.- Food Animal Production: Ethics and Quality Assurance.- Food assistance and international trade.- Food Boycotts.- Food culture and chefs.- Food Deserts.- Food ethics and policies.- Food in Ancient Indian Philosophy.- Food Labeling.- Food legislation and regulation: EU, UN, WTO and private regulation.- Food Miles.- Food not Bombs.- Food Preparation, Cooking and Ritual in Judaism.- Food Riots, Historical Perspectives.- Food risk communication.- Food Risks.- Food safety.- Food security.- Food security and rural education.- Food security and international trade.- Food security in systemic context.- Food standards.- Food waste.- Food Waste and Consumer Ethics.- Food worlds, Film and Gender.- Food "Porn" in Media.- Food's Purposes.- Food, Agriculture, and Trade Organizations.- Food, Class Identity and Gender.- Food-body relationship.- Foucault and food.- Free Trade and Protectionism in Food and Agriculture.- Functional foods.- Functional Foods as Commodities.- Functional Foods, Marketing of Gender and Dieting.- Gender norms and food behaviors.- Gender, Food Security, and Female Empowerment in Low and Middle Income Countries.- Gender, Obesity, and Stigmatization.- Geographic Indications.- Geographical Indications, Food, and Culture.- Gluttony.- GM food, nutrition, safety and health.- GMO Food Labeling.- Grocery Store Design.- Gustatory Pleasure and Food.- Hazon.- Herbicide Resistant Crops.- Hinduism and food.- Holy and Humane: Food in Jewish Religion.- Home Gardening.- Homesteading.- Horticultural Therapy.- Hospitality and food.- Human Ecology and Food.- Human Rights and Food.- Humane Slaughter Association.- Hunting.- Hybridity in agriculture.- In vitro meat.- Industrial Food Animal Production Ethics.- Industrialized slaughter and animal welfare.- Infant feeding.- Institute Technology-Theology-Natural Sciences (TTN), Munich.- Institutional Food Service.- Intellectual property and food.- Intellectual Property Rights and Trade in the Food and Agriculture.- International food quality standards.- Islam and food.- Islam and food and agricultural ethics.- Jainism and food.- Jeffersons moral agrarianism.- Kristeva and food.- Land Acquisition for Food and Fuel.- Law on Food and Oversight Mechanisms for Agriculture Research.- Literature, food, and gender.- Local and regional food systems.- Local Food Procurement/Locavorism.- Marketing, Food Policy, Diet and Health.- Meat: ethical considerations.- Medicalization of Eating and Feeding.- Metaphysics of Natural Food.- Molecular gastronomy.- Montaigne and food.- Multifunctional Agriculture.- Multifunctionality of Agriculture and International Trade.- Multilateral Trade Organizations, Food and Agriculture.- NAFTA and the food and agricultural industries.- Nanotechnology in Agriculture.- National Courts and the Right to Food.- Natural Foods.- Nietzsche and food.- Obesity And Consumer Choice.- Obesity and responsibility.- Occupational Risks in Agriculture.- Oxford Centre for Animal Ethics.- Permaculture.- Pest Control.- Peter Singer and Food.- Plant-Based Diets and Scientific Value Judgments.- Plato and food.- Political Agronomy.- Political consumerism: Consumer Choice, Information and Labeling.- Population growth.- Poverty and Basic Needs.- Pregnancy and Food.- Private food governance.- Provision of agricultural ecosystem services.- Public Institutional Foodservice.- Punishment and Food.-Race, racial identity and eating.- Recipes.- Resource Conflict, Food and Agriculture.- Responsible Innovation in the Food Sector.- Restaurant Reviewing/Food Criticism.- Restaurant Workers.- Right to food in international law.- Role of Food and Agricultural Sciences in Society, ethics.- Rousseau and food.- Saving seeds.- School Lunch and gender.- Seed Banking, Seed Saving and Cultivating Local Varieties.- Slash and burn agriculture.- Slow Food.- Sub-Saharan African Agriculture.- Substantial Equivalence.- Sustainability and Animal Agriculture.- Sustainability of food production and consumption.- Sustainable Consumption and Gender.- Synthetic biology and Biofuels.- Synthetic MeatSystemic Ethics.- Taste, Distaste, and Food.- Telos and Farm Animal Welfare.- The 2003-06 WTO GMO dispute: implications for the SPS Agreement.- Trade and development in the food and agricultural sectors.- Trade Policies and Animal Welfare.- Trade policies and organic food.- Transgenic Crops.- Urban Agriculture.- Vegetarianism.- Vertical farms in Horticulture.- Vertical Integration and Concentration in US Agriculture.- Virtue Theory, Food, and Agriculture.- War and food.- Waste and food.- Water, Food, and Agriculture.- WTO Dispute Settlement and Food and Agricultural Trade.- You are what you eat.- Youth Food Activism.