Dealing with Dysfunction: Innovative Problem Solving in the Public Sector.pdf
Congressional impasse, financially untenable social programs, and fiscal crises are hallmarks of bureaucratic dysfunction today. Jorrit de Jong explains that bureaucratic dysfunction reflects a breach of contract between the government - not only as a provider of services, but also as a catalyst for improved social outcomes - and a public comprised of clients, professionals, managers, and policymakers. "Dealing with Dysfunction" embarks on a conceptual, theoretical, and empirical investigation to understand why bureaucratic dysfunction is a public problem and what can be done to solve it. Jorrit employs real-world data from an independent nonprofit action research team he founded: the Kafka Brigade. Building on this research, he presents 14 case studies, from licensing an Amsterdam sandwich shop to sorting out immigrant rights, which are typical of a larger problem and applicable to a broad base of clients. Utilizing data from these case studies, "Dealing with Dysfunction" illustrates how stakeholders can enact an inclusive process for identifying, defining, diagnosing, and remedying incidences of red tape. Further, this study highlights the failings of standard approaches to solving institutional dilemmas. Jorrit argues that effective problem solving in the public sector should adopt the following principles: diagnostics for appropriately identifying and dissecting diverse types of dysfunction; distribution of problem-solving capacities to connect institutions and individuals; cross-organizational learning to transform accountability structures; and bottom-up incrementalism that prevails over top-down regulatory reform. "Dealing with Dysfunction" offers conceptual frameworks, theoretical insights, and practical lessons for dealing with bureaucratic dysfunction in practice. It challenges conventional approaches toward "fighting bureaucracy" and "reducing red tape" and emphasizes the importance of rigorous public problem solving for making government more effective, efficient, and equitable.
Jorrit de Jong is academic director of the Innovations in Government Program at Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government, where he teaches strategic public management, innovation, and leadership. He is also cofounder of the Kafka Brigade, a nonprofit action research organization that helps government remove red tape and deal with dysfunction.