2015年考研英语经典专项阅读120篇.pdf

2015年考研英语经典专项阅读120篇.pdf
 

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这本《2015年考研英语经典专项阅读120篇》(作者王建华)把120篇英语文章集于一本,共30个单元,每篇文章除了英语文章本身、试题和参考答案,还包括难句解析和全文译文。各位考研学子,当你觉得考研英语词汇背得差不多时,你就可以买下这本书,从第一个单元开始每天一篇阅读训练,同时自测,每篇阅读连同做题时间不能超过15分钟,在1 5分钟之内读完并做完考题,一直这样要求自己,直到把30个单元的文章做完。当你把这本书中的所有考题做完之后,你就会发现:你的阅读速度和阅读准确度接近并达到了考研英语阅读的基本能力要求,甚至水平更高。按照这个规划来用这本书的话,这本书的价值就发挥到了极致。

作者简介
王建华,中国人民大学副教授 。中国顶级考研英语辅导专家,2003年—2010年硕士研究生入学英语考试阅卷组专家成员,2007年—2010年全国大学英语等级考试阅卷组专家成员。

目录
目录

Unit 1

Unit 1 试题详解
Unit 2

Unit 2 试题详解
Unit 3

Unit 3 试题详解
Unit 4

Unit 4 试题详解
Unit 5

Unit 5 试题详解
Unit 6

Unit 6 试题详解
Unit 7

Unit 7 试题详解
Unit 8

Unit 8 试题详解
Unit 9

Unit 9 试题详解
Unit 10

Unit 10 试题详解
Unit 11

Unit 11 试题详解

Unit 12

Unit 12 试题详解
Unit 13

Unit 13 试题详解
Unit 14

Unit 14 试题详解
Unit 15

Unit 15 试题详解
Unit 16

Unit 16 试题详解
Unit 17

Unit 17 试题详解
Unit 18

Unit 18 试题详解
Unit 19

Unit 19 试题详解
Unit 20

Unit 20 试题详解
Unit 21

Unit 21 试题详解
Unit 22

Unit 22 试题详解
Unit 23

Unit 23 试题详解
Unit 24

Unit 24 试题详解
Unit 25

Unit 25 试题详解
Unit 26

Unit 26 试题详解
Unit 27

Unit 27 试题详解
Unit 28

Unit 28 试题详解
Unit 29

Unit 29 试题详解
Unit 30

Unit 30 试题详解

文摘
Unit
1
2015年考研英语经典专项阅读120篇

Unit 1


Text 1………………………………………………………………………………………………
Entire cities and counties have banned themMcDonalds and Kentucky Fried Chicken have declared to give them up—as have Starbucks,Ruby Tuesday,and a host of other former sources of sinful pleasuresIn response to the 2006 Food and Drug Administration requirement that trans fats be listed on nutrition labels,makers of packaged goods have brought their totals down to zeroLast month,FritoLay even got the FDAs blessing to put a claim on products loaded with healthy,unsaturated fats that replacing bad fats with good ones may protect against heart disease
Does this mean that junk food is now the new health food? “No! ” says Robert Eckel,immediate past president of the American Heart Association,whose “Face the Fats” education campaign points out that a “zerotrans fats” label doesnt tell the whole story“People know trans fats are not good for them,” says Eckel“But they do not understand that replacing them with saturated fat is not a good option” And that,in some cases,is whats happening. Yes,the food industry is experimenting with ways to keep the saturated fat content low—by using unsaturated options such as canola and sunflower oils,for exampleBut some manufacturers,unwilling to sacrifice taste and texture,are turning back to lessthanhealthful choices such as palm oil and butter
Baked goods have proved particularly unwilling to changeThe solid fats that provide their light texture and flakiness as well as the rich flavor typically are either highly saturated or are “partially hydrogenated” oils that contain trans fatsMakers of fried foods have had an easier task,since certain liquid unsaturated oils can do as tasty a jobSnack makers,too,have found the switch to be relatively manageable
Manufacturers are raising nutrition experts eyebrows with other tricks,tooWalter Willett,a professor of epidemiology and nutrition at Harvard whose research showed that trans fats promote heart disease,says that some companies now are fully,rather than partially,hydrogenating vegetable oilFull hydrogenation doesnt create trans fats as it solidifies the oil,but it does produce an acid,a saturated fat which seems in preliminary research to promote inflammation,thus contributing to heart disease“Im not in favor of using totally hydrogenated oil until more is known,” he says
A recent study by the International Food Information Council Foundation shows that about 42 percent of Americans—a 9 percent increase over last year—are trying to cut back on certain healthy fats along with transfats“AlI people hear is that fat is bad,bad,bad,” says Susan Borra,president of the foundationIn fact,most people need more of the good kind

1McDonalds and Kentucky Fred Chicken have pledged to get rid of

Asinful pleasuresBtrans fatsCnutritious fatsDunsaturated fats

2To which of the following statements would Robert Eckel most likely agree?

A“Zero trans fats” label tells that the food is healthy for sure

BJunk food is now thought of as the new health food

CIt sometimes does no good to use saturated fats instead of trans ones

DPeople dont realize that trans fats are harmful

3According to Paragraph 3,food makers are reluctant to give up solid fats in baked goods in that

Athey contribute to peoples healthBthey are partially hydrogenated

Cthey are highly saturatedDthey provide pleasant texture and taste

4When solidifying the oil,full hydrogenation might

Adirectly lead to a certain diseaseBcreate trans fats

Cgenerate unsaturated fatsDcontribute to fatal injury

5The last paragraph suggests that

Amost Americans try to reduce healthy fats and trans fats

Bpeople should take in more healthy fats

Cfat is really very bad without any benefits

D51 percent of Americans tried less healthy fats last year



Text 2………………………………………………………………………………………………

Few disagreed with Christina Romer, who chairs Americas Council of Economic Advisers (CEA), when she wrote recently that the early 1960s were the CEAs “glory days”Take 1961, for instance. James Tobin was a member, Robert Solow was a staff economist, and consultant economists included Kenneth Arrow and Paul Samuelson. All four went on to win Nobel prizes.But fewer economists agreed with Ms Romers assertion that the CEAs staff in 2009 was of a calibre not seen since those starstudded days.
Greg Mankiw, a Harvard economist who chaired the CEA in 2003—2005, points out that the council packed considerable intellectual firepower under Martin Feldstein in 1982Three of its members or staff—Larry Summers (now Barack Obamas chief economic adviser), Mr Feldstein himself and Paul Krugman—have won the Clark medal, a prize for the best American economist under the age of 40. Mr Krugman went on to win the Nobel prize. Mr Mankiw does not think the present lot match up to the class of 1982He suggests measuring the academic influence of CEAs by how often their economists have been cited by their peers.
The Economist decided to see how different councils fared, through a widelyused index that ranks the top 5% of academic economists worldwide by citations to date. This is an imperfect measure, favouring members of older CEAs, who have both been active researchers for longer and whose influence was presumably boosted by their time on the council. Still, of the present CEAs three members, both Ms Romer and Austan Goolsbee make the cut. In comparison, all three members of Mr Mankiws CEA, and the one chaired by Janet Yellen during Bill Clintons later years in office, are on the list. More impressive is the fact that two of the seven senior economists attached to the present CEA are also among the top 5% of economists by citations, a rare distinction.
Measured by citation scores per team member, though, the present CEA does not stand out as much. The average score for 2009 works out at 291, much higher than 2008s 185 (despite multiple citations for the then chairman, Edward Lazear) but well below the average for Mr Mankiws team of 2003, when the average was 641The count for 1982s “dream team” is an impressive 755For 1993, when Joseph Stiglitz and Alan Blinder were members of the CEA, and the senior economists included the eventually muchcited David Cutler and Matthew Shapiro, the average score is 7365Ms Romers team is handicapped by our use of lifetime citation counts, but the difference is still striking.
Citations, of course, are an even more flawed measure of quality for staff economists, who tend to be younger. So we ranked the past ten years CEAs by the average quality of the economics departments where their senior economists got their PhDs. This too is imperfect, as the rankings do change, albeit slowly. But by this measure, the present cohort of senior staff economists is the secondbestqualified in academic terms of any of the past ten CEAs. It is beaten—but only barely—by the staff assembled by Glenn Hubbard for George Bush junior in 2001It does even better than Mr Feldsteins 1982 team. If part of any CEAs influence comes from the academic prestige of its members and staff, the present council has little to worry about. But it is not yet the most brilliant since the 1960s. Sorry, Ms Romer.

1Who has not won the Clark medal before?

ALarry Summers BGreg Mankiw

CMartin Feldstein DPaul Krugman

2The first paragraph suggests that

AChristina Romer considers the CEAs staff in 2009 to be the most extraordinary since 1960s

Beconomists often compare the CEAs staff in 2009 with that of the golden age

Cthe glory day of the CEA has left for good

DCEA in 2009 is full of preeminent economists

3Which of the following statements is not an evidence for Ms Romers wrong assertion?

AMeasured by citation scores per team member, the average score for 2009 works out at 291

BWhen ranked the past ten years CEAs by the average quality of the economics department, the 2009 team is beaten by the 2001 team.

C Mr Mankiw does not think the present lot match up to the class of 1982

DTwo of the seven senior economists attached to the present CEA are also among the top 5% of economists by citations, a rare distinction.

4The phrase “make the cut” in the third paragraph might mean

Adeal with Btake a short cut

Cup to the standardDunsatisfactory

5The main idea of the passage is

ASelect the best CEA team in the history.

BMeasure the performance of the CEA teams over the decades.

CIntroduce citation as a measurement to evaluate the performance of CEA.

DRefute Ms Romers assertion that the 2009 CEA is the best since the glory days.

内容简介
此书文章均选自于《经济学人》和《新闻周刊》近几年来的文章,给出文章的译文、复杂句解析、设计出概要和细节题并给出解析、设计并点评段间语义逻辑关系从而为考研阅读新题型提供训练。此书针对考研学生苦于没有针对性阅读材料而设计,提高学生阅读感觉和速度,以逼真真题的阅读材料提高学生的阅读水平。

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