Structural Alloys for Power Plants: Operational Challenges and High-Temperature Materials.pdf
A. Shirzadi, The Open University and University Cambridge and S. Jackson, University of Cambridge, UK
Part 1 Operational challenges and structural alloy requirements: Gas turbines; Steam turbines; Coal-fired steam turbines; Nuclear power plants. Part 2 Structural alloys and their development: Austenitic steels and alloys; Feritic and martensitic steels; Structural materials containing nanofeatures; Creep-resistant steels and alloys; Advanced alloys to improve resistance to corrosion and stress corrosion cracking; Design and material issues to improve fracture and fatigue resistance; Irradiation effects on metals and alloys: Mechanisms and remediation; Advanced alloys to resolve welding problems in power plants; Modelling creep in nickel-based alloys in high temperature power plants.
Current fleets of conventional and nuclear power plants face increasing hostile environmental conditions due to increasingly high temperature operation for improved capacity and efficiency, and the need for long term service. Additional challenges are presented by the requirement to cycle plants to meet peak-load operation. This book presents a comprehensive review of structural materials in conventional and nuclear energy applications. Opening chapters address operational challenges and structural alloy requirements in different types of power plants. The following sections review power plant structural alloys and methods to mitigate critical materials degradation in power plants.