Bioenergy Production by Anaerobic Digestion: Using Agricultural Biomass and Organic Wastes.pdf
Nicholas E. Korres is a consultant in sustainable agriculture and biofuels/renewable energy. Padraig O'Kiely works at Teagasc, the Irish Agricultural Authority, Ireland. John A.H. Benzie is a Professor in the Environmental Research Institute at University College Cork, Ireland. Jonathan S. West is a senior post-doctoral plant pathologist at Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, UK.
1. Sustainable Agriculture and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Jonathan S. West Part 1: Legislation-Energy Policy 2. Energy and Agricultural Policy in Relation to Biomethane, with Particular Reference to the Transport Sector Beatrice Smyth 3. Biomethane Production with Reference to Land Use Change Surajbhan Sevda, Deepak Pant and Anoop Singh Part 2: Feedstocks 4. Grass and Grass Silage: Agronomical Characteristics and Biogas Production Joseph McEniry, Nicholas E. Korres and Padraig O'Kiely 5. Maize and Maize Silage for Biomethane Production Markus Neureiter 6. Suitability of Microalgae and Seaweeds for Biomethane Production John A. H. Benzie and Stephen Hynes 7. Organic Wastes for Biomethane Production Anoop Singh 8. Industrial Residues for Biomethane Production Markus Ortner, Bernhard Drosg, Elitza Stoyanova and Gunther Bochmann Part 3: Anaerobic Digestion Technology 9. Anaerobic Digesters: Perspectives and Challenges Abdul-Sattar Nizami, Bradley A. Saville and Heather L. MacLean 10. Biogas Upgrading and Compression Prasad Kaparaju, Saija Rasi and Jukka Rintala 11. Storage and Distribution of Biomethane Nicholas E. Korres 12. Variation in Anaerobic Digestion: Need for Process Monitoring Nicholas E. Korres and A.S. Nizami 13. General Principles of Data Warehouse and Data Mining in Anaerobic Digestion Nicholas E. Korres, Anastasios Dekazos, Dimitris N. Argyropoulos, Ammar Ahmed and Paul Stack Part 4: Genetics and Population Dynamics 14. Microbial Communities and their Dynamics in Biomethane Production Dimitris N. Argyropoulos, Theodoros H. Varzakas and John A. H. Benzie 15. The Role of Molecular Biology in Optimizing Anaerobic Digestion and Biomethane Production Dimitris N. Argyropoulos, Charoula C. Psallida and John A. H. Benzie Part 5: Sustainability in Anaerobic Digestion 16. Life Cycle Assessment as a Tool for Assessing Biomethane Production Sustainability Nicholas E. Korres 17. The Use of Digestate as a Substitute for Manufactured Fertiliser Brian Chambers and Matthew Taylor 18. The Sustainability of Small-Scale Anaerobic Digesters at Farm Scale Phillip Hobbs and Allan Butler 19. Biogas Technology: An Approach to Sustainable Development in Developing Countries M.S. Dhanya, Shiv Prasad and Anoop Singh Concluding Remarks Appendix: Anaerobic Digestion Application in a Typical Cambodia Family Farm- a Case Study Andrea Salimbeni and Giuliano Grassi Index
Interest in anaerobic digestion (AD), the process of energy production through the production of biogas, has increased rapidly in recent years. Agricultural and other organic waste are important substrates that can be treated by AD. This book is one of the first to provide a broad introduction to anaerobic digestion and its potential to turn agricultural crops or crop residues, animal and other organic waste, into biomethane. The substrates used can include any non-woody materials, including grass and maize silage, seaweeds, farm slurry, municipal and industrial wastes. These are all systematically reviewed in terms of their suitability from a biological, technical and economic perspective. In the past the technical competence and high capital investment required for industrial-scale anaerobic digesters has limited their uptake, but the authors show that recent advances have made smaller-scale systems more viable through a greater understanding of optimising bacterial metabolism and productivity. Broader issues such as life cycle assessment and energy policies to promote AD are also discussed.