Spartakus: The Symbology of Revolt.pdf
Furio Jesi (1941-80) was an Egyptologist, historian of religions, literary critic, and pioneering theorist on the role of myth in literature, politics, and culture. Alberto Toscano teaches in the Department of Sociology at Goldsmiths, University of London. He is the author of Fanaticism and The Theatre of Production and the translator of several books by Alain Badiou.
On December 29, 1918, the Spartakus League, a Marxist revolutionary movement, rose up in Germany calling for an end to class rule by the bourgeoisie. Massive demonstrations followed and more than 500,000 Berliners took to the streets in January - only to be crushed by police and anticommunist paramilitary troops. Several leaders of the Spartakus League were killed, and the revolt was quashed. Through a detailed reconstruction of the events of that bloody winter, historian and critic Furio Jesi recasts our understanding of a foundational political difference - revolt or revolution? Drawing on a deep reserve of literary sources like Brecht, Eliade, Dostoyevsky, and Mann, Jesi outlines a uniquely incisive phenomenology of revolt that distinguishes between the purposeful historical temporality of revolution and the suspension of time that marks a revolt. And with the addition of an essay on Rosa Luxemburg, a founding leader of the Spartakus League, this volume becomes a crucial text at the intersection of history and philosophy. Praise for Furio Jesi: "Furio Jesi always manages to stamp out the barriers between the categories on which the fragile certainties of Italian ideology had been based: rationalism/irrationalism; myth/history; laicism/religiousness; left/right; militant criticism/academia." (Giorgio Agamben).