化工单元操作实验.pdf

化工单元操作实验.pdf
 

书籍描述

目录
0 Basic requirements for the experiments 1
0��1Previewing the experiment 1
0��2Forming group and dividing work 1
0��3Measuring the experimental data 2
0��4Reading and recording the experimental data 2
0��5Paying attention to the experimental process 2
0��6Managing the experimental data 3
0��7Preparing the report31Experiments in unit operations of chemical engineering4
1��1Fluid flow resistance test4
1��1��1Experimental purpose4
1��1��2Basic principles4
1��1��3Experimental equipment and process5
1��1��4Experimental steps and considerations6
1��1��5Experimental report7
1��1��6Questions7
1��1��7Examples of experimental data recording and data processing8
1��2Determining operation characteristics of centrifugal pump9
1��2��1Experimental purpose9
1��2��2Basic principles9
1��2��3Flow chart of experimental device11
1��2��4Experimental steps and precautions12
1��2��5Experimental report14
1��2��6Questions14
1��2��7Example of experimental data results14
1��3Determination of the constant pressure filtration constant15
1��3��1Experimental purpose15
1��3��2Basic principles15
1��3��3Flow diagram of experimental apparatus17
1��3��4Experimental steps and notices17
1��3��5Experimental reports20
1��3��6Questions20
1��3��7Example of experimental records and data results20
1��4Measurement of convective heat transfer coefficient21
1��4��1Experimental purpose21
1��4��2Basic principles21
1��4��3Experimental apparatus and procedures23
1��4��4Experimental steps and precautions25
1��4��5Experimental report28
1��4��6Questions28
1��4��7Example of experimental records and data results29
1��5Experiment of solid fluidization29
1��5��1Experimental purpose29
1��5��2Basic principles29
1��5��3Flow chart of experimental device31
1��5��4Experimental steps and precautions32
1��5��5Experimental report32
1��5��6Questions32
1��5��7Examples of experimental data records and data results32
1��6Distillation experiments33
1��6��1Experimental purpose33
1��6��2Basic principles34
1��6��3Experimental apparatus and procedures34
1��6��4Experimental steps and precautions35
1��6��5Experimental report37
1��6��6Questions37
1��6��7Example of experimental data records and data results38
1��7Absorption (desorption) experiment38
1��7��1Determination of absorption mass transfer coefficient in packed column38
1��7��2Determination experiment of desorption mass transfer coefficient in packed tower421��8Determination of drying rate curve45
1��8��1Experimental purpose45
1��8��2Basic principles45
1��8��3Experiment equipment and process46
1��8��4Experimental procedures and precautions47
1��8��5Experimental report47
1��8��6Questions47
1��8��7Experimental data records and data processing results48
2Demonstration experiments in unit operations of chemical engineering50
2��1Demonstration experiments of fluid pressure and its measurement50
2��1��1Experimental purposes50
2��1��2Experimental equipment and procedure50
2��1��3Demonstration50
2��2Demonstration experiments of the fluid flow pattern(Reynolds)52
2��2��1Experimental purposes52
2��2��2Basic principle52
2��2��3The experimental equipment and procedure52
2��2��4Demonstration52
2��3Demonstration experiments of fluid mechanical energy distribution and conversion53
2��3��1Experimental purposes53
2��3��2Basic principle53
2��3��3Experimental equipment and procedure54
2��3��4Demonstration552��4Demonstration experiments of the boundary layer55
2��4��1Experimental purposes55
2��4��2Basic principle55
2��4��3The experimental equipment and procedure56
2��4��4Demonstration572��5Demonstration experiment of tower model57
2��5��1Experimental purposes57
2��5��2Experimental equipment and procedure57
2��5��3Demonstration572��6Demonstration experiments of the ambient flow58
2��6��1Experimental purposes58
2��6��2The experimental equipment and procedure58
2��6��3Demonstration593Experimental error analysis and data processing60
3��1Experimental error analysis60
3��1��1Basic concepts of experimental error60
3��1��2Basic properties of the error623��2The data processing of the experimental results69
3��2��1Processing of significant figures69
3��2��2Data processing of experimental results70
4Measuring instrument and measuring method794��1Summary79
4��1��1Classification of instrument79
4��1��2Measure and control processes80
4��1��3Basic composition of measuring instrument814��2Pressure measurement81
4��2��1Liquid column pressure gauge82
4��2��2Elastic pressure gauge85
4��2��3Electric pressure gauge86
4��2��4Considerations of using differential manometer894��3Flow measurement90
4��3��1Pressure difference flow meter91
4��3��2Rotameter94
4��3��3Turbine flowmeter95
4��3��4Wet gas meter1024��4Temperature measurement103
4��4��1Expansion thermometer104
4��4��2Thermal resistance thermometer105
4��4��3Calibration of thermocouple thermometer108
4��4��4Installation of contact thermometer1094��5Power measurement110
4��5��1Power meter measurement110
4��5��2Motor balance measurement111
4��5��3Measurement of automatic torque1124��6Measurement of rotation rate113
4��6��1General outline113
4��6��2Measuring approaches113
4��6��3Intelligent display instrument1154��7Composition analyzer115
4��7��1Gas chromatograph116
4��7��2Albright analyzer127
4��7��3Determining the concentration of CO2 in liquid phase by gas��sensing electrode129
4��8Electronic balance132
4��8��1Introduction132
4��8��2Structure132
4��8��3Installation132
4��8��4Operation1334��9Load cell136
4��9��1Introduction136
4��9��2Notice136
4��9��3Application1374��10Controller137
4��10��1Temperature controller137
4��10��2Liquid level controller138
4��10��3Automatic control valve143
4��10��4Variable frequency drive145
4��10��5Reflux ratio control setup151
4��10��6Electromagnetic proportional pump1534��11Intelligent instrument163
4��11��1Overview of intelligent instrument163
4��11��2The structure of intelligent instruments163
4��11��3Working methods of the intelligent instruments163
4��11��4AI entire general artificial intelligence regulator1644��12Detection apparatus171
4��12��1Overview171
4��12��2Instrumentation features171
4��12��3The working principles of the instrument172
Appendix 1 Units of measurements and conversion of units173
Appendix 2 Data table in common use177
References186

内容简介
本书作为高等学校化工原理双语课程配套的英文实验课教材,系统地讲解了化工原理实验的基本原理、基本要求以及实验的装置和流程(包括一些演示实验),并介绍了实验误差分析和实验结果的数据处理的方法,以及计算时需要用到的重要参考数据。
本教材适用于化工、轻工等工程应用类专业的本科生和研究生使用,也可以为从事相关领域的技术人员提供参考。

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