语言学教程.pdf

语言学教程.pdf
 

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《语言学教程(第4版)》:21世纪英语专业系列教材

目录
Chapter 1 Invitations to Linguistics
1.1 Why Study Language?
1.2 What Is Language?
1.3 Design Features of Language
1.3.1 Arbitrariness
1.3.2 Duality
1.3.3 Creativity
1.3.4 Displacement
1.4 Origin of Language
1.5 Functions of Language
1.5.1 Informative
1.5.2 Interpersonal Function
1.5.3 Performative
1.5.4 Emotive Function
1.5.5 Phatic Communion
1.5.6 Recreational Function
1.5.7 Metalingual Function
1.6 What Is Linguistics?
1.7 Main Branches of Linguistics
1.7.1 Phonetics
1.7.2 Phonology
1.7.3 Morphology
1.7.4 Syntax
1.7.5 Semantics
1.7.6 Pragmatics
1.8 Macrolinguistics
1.8.1 Psycholinguistics
1.8.2 Soci01inguistics
1.8.3 Anthropological Linguistics
1.8.4 Computational Linguistics
1.9 Important Distinctions in Linguistics
1.9.1 Descriptive VS.Prescriptive
1.9.2 Synchronic VS.Diachronic
1.9.3 Langue&Parole
1.9.4 Competence and Performance

Chapter 2 Speech Sounds
2.1 How Speech Sounds Are Made?
2.1.1 Speech Organs
2.1.2 The IPA
2.2 Consonants and Vowels
2.2.1 Consonants
2.2.2 Vowels
2.2.3 The Sounds of English
2.3 From Phonetics to Phonology
2.3.1 Coarticulation and Phonetic Transcriptions
2.3.2 Phonemes
2.3.3 Allophones
2.4 Phonological Processes,Phonological Rules and Distinctive Features
2.4.1 Assimilation
2.4.2 Epenthesis,Rule Ordering and the Elsewhere Condition
2.4.3 Distinctive Features
2.5 Suprasegmentals
2.5.1 The Syllable Structure
2.5.2 Stress
2.5.3 Intonation
2.5.4 Tone
……

chapter 3 Lexicon
chapter 4 From Word to Text
chapter 5 Meaning
chapter 6 Language and Cognition
chapter 7 Language,Culture,and Society
chapter 8 Language in Use
chapter 9 Language and Literature
chapter 10 Language and Computer
chapter 11 Linguistics and Foreign Language Teaching
chapter 12 Theories and School of Modern Linguistics
Bibliography
Glossary and Index

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语言学教程
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语言学教程

In the IPA chart,the sound segments are grouped into CONSONANTS and VOWELS,which will be discussed in detail in the next section.The consonants are then divided into pulmonic and non-pulmonic consonants:PULMONIC sounds are produced by pushing air out of the lungs,as in most circumstances, while NON-PULMONIC sounds are produced by either sucking air into the mouth,in the case of clicks,or closing the glottis and manipulating the air between the glottis and a place o f articulation further forward in the vocal tract, as is the case of implosives and ejectives.The vowels are shown their relevant positions in a cross-sectional diagram o f the oral cavity.
The“other symbols”are actually a group of consonants that involve more than one place or manner o f articulation,which cannot be placed into one o f the slots in the consonant chart.
The DIACRITICS are additional symbols or marks used together with the consonant and vowel symbols to indicate nuances of change in their pronunciation.The suprasegmentals are used to represent stress and syllables, whereas the last group o f symbols is used to show tonal di fferences and intonation patterns.
2.2 Consonants and Vowels
In the description o f sound segments,a basic distinction is made between consonants and vowels.Consonants are produced“by a closure in the vocal tract. or by a narrowing which is SO marked that air cannot escape without producing audible friction”.By contrast-a vowel is produced without such“stricture”SO that“air escapes in a relatively unimpeded way through the mouth or nose” (Crystal,1 997:1 54).The distinction between vowels and consonants lies in the obstruction of airstream.
As there is no obstruction o f air in the production o f vowels,the description of the consonants and vowels cannot be done along the same lines.

内容简介
《语言学教程(第4版)》胡壮麟主编的《语言学教程》(第四版)在第三版基础上听取广大师生意见修订而成。包括语言学理论介绍,语音,词汇,句法,语义,语言和认知,语言和社会文化,语用学,语言和文学,语言和计算机,语言学和外语教学,语言学流派等十二章。本教程作者均为国内语言学名家,畅销二十二年,堪称语言学教材经典之作。此次修订充分汲取国内外语言学研究的最新理论和成果,更为全面而系统地阐述了理论和应用语言学领域的内容,阐述方式深入浅出、脉络清晰,利于教师课上教学和学生课下自学。《语言学教程(第4版)》图文并茂,使读者能够在轻松的阅读过程中掌握专业知识。
《语言学教程(第4版)》适合高校英语专业本科学生以及语言学相关专业和研究人员使用,另配有中文译本和练习册。

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