剑桥法律英语.pdf

剑桥法律英语.pdf
 

书籍描述

编辑推荐
《剑桥法律英语》:Professional English in Use Law contains 45 units covering a wide variety of legal vocabulary, Topics include corporate and commercial law, liability, real property law, employment law, information technology, contract law, and intellectual property. The book also introduces general legal vocabulary related to legal systems and legal professions, as well as the functional language lawyers need in their daily working lives.
Primarily designed as a self-study reference and practice book, Professional English in Use Law can also be used for classroom work and one-to-one lessons and is suitable for upper-intermediate to advanced students(B2-C1 ). Professional English in Use Law has been developed using authentic legal contexts, texts, and documents.
45 easy-to-use units: vocabulary items are presented and explained in context on left-hand pages with a range of practice exercises on right-hand pages.
A focus on key legal terms expands learners' vocabulary and functional language gives learners the confidence and ability to use English in a legal environment.
Over to you' sections allow learners to apply the vocabulary they have learned in the unit to their own law studies and working lives.
Includes a comprehensive, learner-friendly answer key and index.
Professional Enghsh in Use Law is an ideal companion for learners preparing for the new Cambridge International Legal English Certifi care (ILEC), covering key vocabulary and topics from the exam.

作者简介
作者:(英国)布朗(Gillian D.Brown) (英国)赖斯(Sally Rice)

目录
THANKS AND
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
INTRODUCTION
THE LEGAL SYSTEM
1 Legal systems
A The structure of the law
B The constitution
C Jurisdiction

2 Sources of law:legislation
A Background to making new law
B Early development of a Bill
C Passing an Act

3 Sources of law:common law
A Common law in the UK
B Law reports

4 The court system
A Civil courts
B Criminal courts

5 Criminal justice and criminal proceedings
A Criminal justice
B Categories of criminal offence
C Criminal court proceedings

6 Civil procedure
A Civil Procedure Rules
B Proceeding with a claim

7 Tribunals
A The status and range of tribunals
B Composition of tribunals and procedure

8 European Union law
A What is the EU?
B How does the EU impact on Member States?

LEGAL PROFESSIONALS
9 Solicitors
A Legal practitioners
B Training
C A partner in a law firm

10 Barristers
A Organisation
B Training and qualifications of practising barristers

11 Working lives
A A company commercial lawyer
B A legal secretary

12 Judges
A Judicial appointments in England and Wales
B The training of judges
C Civil courts: sentencing and court orders

13 A law firm's structure and practice
A A law firm's structure and practice

LEGAL PROFESSIONALS IN PRACTICE
14 Client care procedures
A Explaining client care procedures

15 Money laundering procedures
A Money laundering procedures

16 Client correspondence
A Client correspondence
B Standard phrases for starting and ending letters and emails

17 Explanations and clarification
A Explaining a procedure
B Approximating and comparing
C Rephrasing and clarifying Legalese
A Legal language
B Latin terms
C Older words and modem equivalents LAW IN PRACTICE

19 Business organisations
A Sole trader
B Partnerships
C Limited Companies

20 Formation of a company
A Incorporation
B Memorandum and Articles of Association

21 Raising capital by share sale
A Share capital
B Share value
C Rights attaching to shares

22 Debt financing: secured lending
A Granting security
B The terms of a charge

23 Company directors and company secretaries
A Qualifications and duties of a company director
B Qualifications and duties of a company secretary

24 Insolvency and winding up
A Insolvency
B Insolvency scenarios

25 Alternative dispute resolution
A Alternative dispute resolution
B ADR procedures

26 Corporation Tax
A Corporation Tax liability in the UK
B Word combinations with 'tax'

27 Mergers and acquisitions
A Mergers and acquisitions
B Dealing disclosure requirements

28 Anti-competitive behaviour
A Competition law
B Competition inquiry
C Information gathering, hearings, and remedies

LIABILITY
29 Tort 1" personal injury claim
A Tort
B Client briefing notes - personal injury claims

30 Tort 2: clinical negligence
A Clinical negligence practice

CONTRACT
31 Forming a contract 1
A Basic principles
B Formation of a contract

32 Forming a contract 2
A Form of contract
B Void or voidable or unenforceable contracts

33 Structure of a commercial contract
A Structure of a commercial contract

34 Express and implied terms
A Express terms
B Implied terms

35 Exclusion, limitation and
standard clauses
A Exclusion and limitation clauses
B Standard clauses

36 Privity of contract,discharge, and remedies
A Privity of contract
B Discharge of contract
C Remedies for breach of contract

37 Standard terms in the sale and supply of goods
A Using standard terms
B Incorporating terms

38 Licensing agreements and computer programs
A Licences and software products
B Exclusion and limitation clauses

39 Commercial leases
A Interest in property
B Terms of a commercial lease
C Obtaining leasehold interest

40 Buying and selling commercial property
A Commercial conveyancing
B Sale by auction
C Sale by private treaty

41 Employment law
A Employment law
B Contract of employment

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY
42 Copyright and patent
A Copyright
B Patent

43 Trade marks, domain names, and remedies for IP infringement
A Trade marks and domain names
B Remedies for IP infringement

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY LAW
44 Information technology law and cybercrime
A Computer security
B Cybercrime
e Data protection

ENVIRONMENTAL LAW
45 Environmental law
A International environmental law
B National environmental law
C Application of environmental law
Answer key
Index

文摘
插图:

剑桥法律英语

剑桥法律英语
Sole trader
Jamie Anderson, a partner in the commercial department of a law firm, is commenting on the choices for different trading vehicles for business.
‘A client wanting to operate a business for profit might select from a number of different trading entities. Each has different legal characteristics and is subject to different rules and regulations. The simplest and commonest form of business structure is a sole trader. This generally suits a relatively small enterprise, such as an independent software developer, a hairdresser, or a small shop. It's headed by a single individual and it differs from a company in that the ownership and management is usually vested in the same person, who is personally responsible for all the debts of the business, and may thus risk becoming bankrupt. Finances are confidential and formalities are few, aside from Value Added Tax, or VAT, regulations.' Partnerships
‘A common form of structure for certain kinds of business, for example accountants, solicitors, and architects, is a partnership. This needs to have at least two members and normally a maximum of twenty. There is an exemption on size for some types of firm, such as solicitors and accountants. All the partners may be joindy and severally liable for all the debts of the business. The relationship between the partners is usually drafted in the Partnership Agreement. This can set out the duration of the partnership, its name and business, how profits, losses, and running costs are to be shared, how much capital each partner is to contribute, what rules will apply to the capital, what grounds will lead to a partner being expelled from the company, what restrictions are imposed on partners, and so on. It's also possible to have a Limited Liability Partnership, or LLP, which has a legal identity separate from its members. In this sense it resembles a limited company (see text C). It's possible for all the partners except one, known as the general partner, to be a limited partner. A sleeping partner may have a share in the business but doesn't work in it. An individual is therefore able to invest capital in an LLP without risking any further liability. LLPs must be registered with the Registrar of Companies.' Limited Companies
'A Private Limited Company (Ltd) is a separate legal entity which can sue, and be sued, in its own right. The Company is identified by its registered number, which will remain the same irrespective of any changes of name. A business can start life as a limited company and this may be particularly appropriate where high-risk projects are involved. In some instances, directors will be asked to guarantee the obligations of a company, for example by giving security over personal assets to guarantee company borrowing. This is particularly common in the case of new companies who are not able to demonstrate a history of profitable trading. A Public Limited Company, or PLC, is differentiated from a Private Limited Company in that the shares can be sold to the general public via the stock market to raise share capital. It's mandatory for a PLC to have at least two shareholders, two directors, and a professionally qualified Company Secretary. The minimum anthorised share capital is 50,000 and 25% must be paid up. Before the company can trade or borrow money, a Trading Certificate has to be obtained from the Registrar of Companies (see Unit 20).'

内容简介
《剑桥法律英语》是一本专为在工作和学习中需要使用法律英语语句和词汇且英文水平为中级或高级的读者而写。它可作为自学的辅导,也可作为课堂教学的教材。如果你准备参加“国际法律英语证书”(ILEC)考试,《剑桥法律英语》也是一本理想的备考用书。
《剑桥法律英语》共有45个单元,包含大量法律领域常用词汇,内容涉及到公司法和商法、责任义务、房产法、雇佣法、信息技术、合同法、知识产权等广泛的法律主题。同时介绍了与法律系统、法律职业相关的一般性术语以及从业律师在日常工作中需要使用的功能性语言。整本书中学习与练习相结合,强化了学生的学习效果,提高了他们使用法律知识的能力和自信心。
书后还附有练习答案及索引。

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