2. a system of legal principles and remedies in civil cases that originated in England andsurvives in modern U. S. jurisprudence. Historically, there were two distinct courts inEngland——courts of law and courts of equity. Courts of law could award monetary damages incivil cases, but could give no other relief. If a party sought relief other than monetarydamages, he or she had to turn to a court of equity, which could grant injunctions, grantdivorces, afford relief from creditors in bankruptcy, etc. There are no longer separate courtsof law and equity in the U. S; most trial courts can now issue both monetary and non-monetary relief. Different legal principles still apply to law and equity actions, however,and a few procedural distinctions survive, most notably the absence of a right to a jury trialin cases seeking equitable relief.