A History of Western Philosophy.pdf

A History of Western Philosophy.pdf


Ray Monk
"A History of Western Philosophy remains unchallenged as the perfect introduction to its subject. Russell...writes with the kind of verve, freshness and personal engagement that lesser spirits would never have permitted themselves. This boldness, together with the astonishing breadth of his general historical knowledge, allows him to put philosophers into their social and cultural context... The result is exactly the kind of philosophy that most people would like to read, but which only Russell could possibly have written."


Remains unchallenged as the perfect introduction to its subject ... exactly the kind of philosophy that most people would like to read, but which only Russell could possibly have written. - Ray Monk, University of Southampton, UK

Beautiful and luminous prose, not merely classically clear but scrupulously honest. - Isaiah Berlin

It is a witty birds-eye view of the main figures in Western thought enlivened by references to the personalities and quirks of the thinkers themselves. - The Week

A great philosophers lucid and magisterial look at the history of his own subject, wonderfully readable and enlightening. - The Observer

Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell, Viscount Amberley, born in Wales, May 18, 1872. Educated at home and at Trinity College, Cambridge. During World War I, served four months in prison as a pacifist, where he wrote Introduction to Mathematical Philosophy. In 1910, published first volume of Principia Mathematica with Alfred Whitehead. Visited Russia and lectured on philosophy at the University of Peking in 1920. Returned to England and, with his wife, ran a progressive school for young children in Sussex from 1927-1932. Came to the United States, where he taught philosophy successively at the University of Chicago, University of California at Los Angeles, Harvard, and City College of New York. Awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1950. Has been active in disarmament and anti-nuclear-testing movements while continuing to add to his large number of published books which include Philosophical Essays (1910); The ABC of Relativity (1925) Human Knowledge: Its Scope and Limits (1948); Why I Am Not a Christian (1957); and The Autobiography of Bertrand Russell (1967). For a chronological list of Russell's principal works see The Basic Writings of Bertrand Russell (Simon and Schuster).


Forward by Anthony Gottlieb Preface Introduction BOOK ONE: Ancient Philosophy Part 1: The Pre-Socratics 1. The Rise of Greek Civilisation 2. The Milesian School 3. Pythagoras 4. Heraclitus 5. Parmenides 6. Empedocles 7. Athens in Relation to Culture 8. Anaxagoras 9. The Atomists 10. Protagoras Part 2: Socrates, Plato and Aristotle 11. Socrates 12. The Influence of Sparta 13. The Sources of Plato’s Opinions 14. Plato’s Utopia 15. The Theory of Ideas 16. Plato’s Theory of Immortality 17. Plato’s Cosmogony 18. Knowledge and Perception in Plato 19. Aristotle’s Metaphysics 20. Aristotle’s Ethics 21. Aristotle’s Politics 22. Aristotle’s Logic 23. Aristotle’s Physics 24. Early Greek Mathematics and Astronomy Part 3: Ancient Philosophy after Aristotle 25. The Hellenistic World 26. Cynics and Sceptics 27. The Epicureans 28. Stoicism 29. The Roman Empire in Relation to Culture 30. Plotinus BOOK TWO: Catholic Philosophy Introduction Part 1: The Fathers 1. The Religious Development of the Jews 2. Christianity During the First Four Centuries 3. Three Doctors of the Church 4. St Augustine’s Philosophy and Theology 5. The Fifth and Sixth Centuries 6. St Benedict and Gregory the Great Part 2: The Schoolmen 7. The Papacy in the Dark Ages 8. John the Scot 9. Ecclesiastical Reform in the Eleventh Century 10. Mohammedan Culture and Philosophy 11. The Twelfth Century 12. The Thirteenth Century 13. St Thomas Aquinas 14. Franciscan Schoolmen 15. The Eclipse of the Papacy BOOK THREE: Modern Philosophy Part 1: From the Renaissance to Hume 1. General Characteristics 2. The Italian Renaissance 3. Machiavelli 4. Erasmus and More 5. The Reformation and Counter-Reformation 6. The Rise of Science 7. Francis Bacon 8. Hobbes’s Leviathan 9. Descartes 10. Spinoza 11. Leibniz 12. Philosophical Liberalism 13. Locke’s Theory of Knowledge 14. Locke’s Political Philosophy 15. Locke’s Influence 16. Berkeley 17. Hume Part 2: From Rousseau to the Present Day 18. The Romantic Movement 19. Rousseau 20. Kant 21. Currents of Thought in the Nineteenth Century 22. Hegel 23. Byron 24. Schopenhauer 25. Nietzsche 26. The Utilitarians 27. Karl Marx 28. Bergson 29. William James 30. John Dewey 31. The Philosophy of Logical Analysis. Index.


Since its first publication in 1945? Lord Russell's A History of Western Philosophy has been universally acclaimed as the outstanding one-volume work on the subject -- unparalleled in its comprehensiveness, its clarity, its erudition, its grace and wit. In seventy-six chapters he traces philosophy from the rise of Greek civilization to the emergence of logical analysis in the twentieth century. Among the philosophers considered are: Pythagoras, Heraclitus, Parmenides, Empedocles, Anaxagoras, the Atomists, Protagoras, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, the Cynics, the Sceptics, the Epicureans, the Stoics, Plotinus, Ambrose, Jerome, Augustine, Benedict, Gregory the Great, John the Scot, Aquinas, Duns Scotus, William of Occam, Machiavelli, Erasmus, More, Bacon, Hobbes, Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz, Locke, Berkeley, Hume, Rousseau, Kant, Hegel, Schopenhauer, Nietzsche, the Utilitarians, Marx, Bergson, James, Dewey, and lastly the philosophers with whom Lord Russell himself is most closely associated -- Cantor, Frege, and Whitehead, co-author with Russell of the monumental Principia Mathematica.


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