Outliers.pdf

Outliers.pdf
 

书籍描述

编辑推荐
Amazon.com Review
Amazon Best of the Month, November 2008: Now that he's gotten us talking about the viral life of ideas and the power of gut reactions, Malcolm Gladwell poses a more provocative question in Outliers: why do some people succeed, living remarkably productive and impactful lives, while so many more never reach their potential? Challenging our cherished belief of the "self-made man," he makes the democratic assertion that superstars don't arise out of nowhere, propelled by genius and talent: "they are invariably the beneficiaries of hidden advantages and extraordinary opportunities and cultural legacies that allow them to learn and work hard and make sense of the world in ways others cannot." Examining the lives of outliers from Mozart to Bill Gates, he builds a convincing case for how successful people rise on a tide of advantages, "some deserved, some not, some earned, some just plain lucky."

Outliers can be enjoyed for its bits of trivia, like why most pro hockey players were born in January, how many hours of practice it takes to master a skill, why the descendents of Jewish immigrant garment workers became the most powerful lawyers in New York, how a pilots' culture impacts their crash record, how a centuries-old culture of rice farming helps Asian kids master math. But there's more to it than that. Throughout all of these examples--and in more that delve into the social benefits of lighter skin color, and the reasons for school achievement gaps--Gladwell invites conversations about the complex ways privilege manifests in our culture. He leaves us pondering the gifts of our own history, and how the world could benefit if more of our kids were granted the opportunities to fulfill their remarkable potential. --Mari Malcolm

--This text refers to the Hardcover edition.

From Publishers Weekly
SignatureReviewed by Leslie ChangIn Outliers, Gladwell (The Tipping Point) once again proves masterful in a genre he essentially pioneered—the book that illuminates secret patterns behind everyday phenomena. His gift for spotting an intriguing mystery, luring the reader in, then gradually revealing his lessons in lucid prose, is on vivid display. Outliers begins with a provocative look at why certain five-year-old boys enjoy an advantage in ice hockey, and how these advantages accumulate over time. We learn what Bill Gates, the Beatles and Mozart had in common: along with talent and ambition, each enjoyed an unusual opportunity to intensively cultivate a skill that allowed them to rise above their peers. A detailed investigation of the unique culture and skills of Eastern European Jewish immigrants persuasively explains their rise in 20th-century New York, first in the garment trade and then in the legal profession. Through case studies ranging from Canadian junior hockey champions to the robber barons of the Gilded Age, from Asian math whizzes to software entrepreneurs to the rise of his own family in Jamaica, Gladwell tears down the myth of individual merit to explore how culture, circumstance, timing, birth and luck account for success—and how historical legacies can hold others back despite ample individual gifts. Even as we know how many of these stories end, Gladwell restores the suspense and serendipity to these narratives that make them fresh and surprising.One hazard of this genre is glibness. In seeking to understand why Asian children score higher on math tests, Gladwell explores the persistence and painstaking labor required to cultivate rice as it has been done in East Asia for thousands of years; though fascinating in its details, the study does not prove that a rice-growing heritage explains math prowess, as Gladwell asserts. Another pitfall is the urge to state the obvious: No one, Gladwell concludes in a chapter comparing a high-IQ failure named Chris Langan with the brilliantly successful J. Robert Oppenheimer, not rock stars, not professional athletes, not software billionaires and not even geniuses—ever makes it alone. But who in this day and age believes that a high intelligence quotient in itself promises success? In structuring his book against that assumption, Gladwell has set up a decidedly flimsy straw man. In the end it is the seemingly airtight nature of Gladwell's arguments that works against him. His conclusions are built almost exclusively on the findings of others—sociologists, psychologists, economists, historians—yet he rarely delves into the methodology behind those studies. And he is free to cherry-pick those cases that best illustrate his points; one is always left wondering about the data he evaluated and rejected because it did not support his argument, or perhaps contradicted it altogether. Real life is seldom as neat as it appears in a Malcolm Gladwell book. (Nov.)Leslie T. Chang is the author of Factory Girls: From Village to City in a Changing China (Spiegel & Grau).
Copyright © Reed Business Information, a division of Reed Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. --This text refers to the Hardcover edition.

Review
"....[Gladwell's] flair for narrative serves him well as a reader. Gladwell builds dramatic tension into his storytelling from the unique childhood of software tycoon Bill Gates to the secrets of success found along the rice fields of ancient China and Japan making for an engaging listening experience...." (Publishers Weekly )

"Like his previous work, THE TIPPING POINT, BLINK is a thought-provoking, category-defying book. The audio is read by the author with care and conviction." (AudioFile Magazine ) --This text refers to the Audio CD edition.

名人推荐
Observer
'A global phenomenon, one of the most brilliant and influential writers of his generation ... there is, it sometimes seems, no subject over which Gladwell cannot scatter some magic dust ... he has a genius for making everything he writes seem like an impossible adventure' --This text refers to the Hardcover edition.

The Times
'His inspiring, revelatory attempt to look at the qualities that aren't mentioned enough in a culture of individualism ... he is the best kind of writer - the kind who makes you feel like you're a genius, rather than that he's a genius' --This text refers to the Hardcover edition.

Guardian
'Gladwell is not only a brilliant storyteller; he can see what those stories tell us, the lessons they contain ... and Gladwell shows that it can be immense fun' --This text refers to the Hardcover edition.

Evening Standard
'An exceptionally well-written book ... like a 90,000 word essay by Geroge Orwell, with a bit of help from Jonathan Kellerman ... I wanted to cheer or clap ... Outliers is perhaps the ultimate Gladwell book' --This text refers to the Hardcover edition.

媒体推荐
You will never again think as you did before about [success] ... This book deserves the gold star that adorns its front cover' - A.C. Grayling, The Times 'Gladwell deploys a wealth of fascinating data and information to illustrate his thesis ... Outliers challenges accepted wisdom' FT 'Malcolm Gladwell is a cerebral and jaunty writer, with an unusual gift for making the complex seem simple' Observer 'Makes geniuses look a bit less special, and the rest of us a bit more so' Time

作者简介
Malcolm Gladwell is a staff writer for The New Yorker. He was formerly a business and science reporter at the Washington Post.

目录
INTRODUCTION
The Roseto Mystery
PART ONE :OPPORTUNITY
ONE The Matthew Effect
TWO The 10000-Hour Rule
THREE The Trouble with Geniuses,Part 1
 FOUR The Trouble with Geniuses,Part 2
 FIVE The Three Lessons of Joe Flom
PART TWO:LEGACY
 SIX Harlan,Kentucky
 SEVEN The Ethnic Theory of Plane Crashes
 EIGHT Rice Paddies and Math Tests
 NINE Marita's Bartgain
 EPILOGUE A Jamaical Story
Notes
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
INDEX

内容简介
In this stunning new book, Malcolm Gladwell takes us on an intellectual journey through the world of ''outliers'' the best and the brightest, the most famous and the most successful. He asks the question: what makes high-achievers different? His answer is that we pay too much attention to what successful people are like, and too little attention to where they are from: that is, their culture, their family, their generation, and the idiosyncratic experiences of their upbringing. Description in Spanish: Que diferencia a quienes hacen algo especial en la vida de quienes no lo hacen? Fueras de serie explora las curiosas historias de los grandes jugadores de futbol; bucea en la peculiar infancia de Bill Gates; busca que convirtio a los Beatles en el mejor grupo de rock; y se pregunta que distingue a los pilotos que estrellan aviones de los que no. A traves de su viaje por el mundo de los ''fueras de serie'', los mejores, los mas brillantes y famosos, nos convence de que nuestro modo de pensar en el exito es erroneo. Prestamos demasiada atencion al aspecto de estas personas, y muy poca al lugar de donde vienen, es decir, a su cultura, su familia, su generacion y a las singularidades de su educacion. Brillante y entretenido, Fueras de serie es toda una referencia que al mismo tiempo iluminara y hara disfrutar.

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