Directions:There are 2 passages in this section.Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements.For each of them there are four choices marked A ),B),C) and D).You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
Questions 57 to 61 are based on the following passage.
In times of economic crisis,Americans turn to their families for support.If the Great Depression is any guide,we may see a drop in our skyhigh divorce rate.But this won't necessarily represent an increase in happy marriages.In the long run,the Depression weakened American families,and the current crisis will probably do the same.
We tend to think of the Depression as a time when families pulled together to survive huge job losses.By 1932,when nearly one-quarter of the workforce was unemployed,the divorce rate had declined by around 25% from 1929.But this doesn't mean people were suddenly happier with their marriages.Rather,with incomes decreasing and insecure jobs,unhappy couples often couldn't afford to divorce.They feared neither spouse could manage alone.
Today,given the job losses of the past year,fewer unhappy couples will risk starting separate households.Furthermore,the housing market meltdown will make it more difficult for them to finance their separations by selling their homes.
After financial disasters family members also tend to do whatever they can to help each other and their communities.A 1940 book,The Unemployed Man and His Family,described a family in which the husband initially re,acted to losing his job "with tireless search for work".He was always active,looking for odd jobs to do.
The problem is that such an impulse is hard to sustain.Across the country,many similar families were unable to maintain the initial boost in morale (士气).For some,the hardships of life without steady work eventually overwhelmed their attempts to keep their families together.The divorce rate rose again during the rest of the decade as the recovery took hold.