学习如何学习.pdf

学习如何学习.pdf
 

书籍描述

内容简介
本书是关于老师和成人学习观察者对于“学习如何学习”这一命题的思想和实践记录。
这是一本成人教育艺术见解的个人集锦,这些见解来自于一个在中国工作二十多年的外国人的视角。
写这本书的目的不是想教一种技能,而是去记录老师和成人学习观察者的一段个人旅程。在这旅程之中,寓教于乐,教学合一,阐释教与学的黄金理念和法则。

编辑推荐

什么是“学习时刻”?
成人学习的时间、地点和时节是怎样呢?
本书抛开程式化的无趣说教,
着力破解教与学的密码。

名人推荐
1.Mr. Goh's career had been invested in China for decades. I hail him as a master trainer of his own kind. This book delineates some of his best nuggets of gold on learning and teaching; another hallmark of achievement. This is one of the most readerable book I have ever come across. Yet it leaves me with many after thoughts to reflect upon. David Chay, Health Psychologist, Singapore.

吴先生在中国的职业生涯已经二十多年,被称为自成一家的大师级老师。这本书描绘了一些他在教学和学习上的黄金理念;标志着又一项成就。这是我所见过的很易读的书之一,但它留给我许多思考。
-David Chay 健康心理学家
新加坡

2.In today’s busy world, few people take time to observe, reflect and learn. I agree too that life’s lessons are not learned in the formality of the classroom. Teachers can teach without students really learning. You ask the right questions in the midst of life’s experiences. Your book is of theoretical philosophy but communicates principles to be applied. I might add – you are teaching what you already have been practising! Of course we know who the greatest Master Teacher is. He was also the greatest learner, learning from the realities of life and of suffering. Jim Chew. Author and Mentor, New Zealand.

在当今繁忙的世界,没有几个人会花时间去观察,思考和学习。我很赞同,生命的课程不是在课堂的正规场合学习的。教师可以在学生无意识学习的时候教学。你在人生经历当中问了正确的问题。你的书不是理论哲学,而是适用的交流原则。我想补充 – 你是在教你所操练的。我们当然知道最伟大的教师是谁!。他也是最伟大的学习者,从苦难的生活和现实学习。

-Jim Chew 作者和导师
新西兰

3.It is never easy for one to try to crystallize in words his teaching and learning journey. Let alone a journey of 20 over years, mostly interacting with adult learners. Mr. Goh has put in this book his personal thoughts accumulated through real life observations and hands-on experience, gems for us who are still on this journey. I enjoy reading them.
Ooi Inn Bok, Former Director International Division, Nanyang Polytechnic, Singapore.

教学和学习的旅程结晶从来不是轻而易举的。更别说20多年的旅程中,多与成人学习者互动。这本书是吴先生通过真实的生活观察和亲身体验,积累的他个人的思想和实际经验,对于我们仍然在这场旅程中的人来说,它犹如珍宝。我很喜欢读这本书。
- Ooi Inn Bok先生
前新加坡南洋理工学院国际主任

4.Consider yourself blessed if you are holding a copy of this book. The contents – writings, reflections, observations and learnings recorded mirror very much the author himself and his worldviews on learning and teaching.  In my recollections, as a mentor, he often asks me questions without expecting to hear my answer. Instead, he allows for "the pause” to happen so that I can reflect while we continue our walk together or sip our coffee. Now, read it slowly...
Ho Tuck Leh, Business Operations Manager, HP Inc.

如果你读到这本书应该庆幸自己是有福的。内容 – 包括文字、思考、观察和学习记录非常真实的映射出作者学习和教学的世界观。在我的记忆中,他作为一位导师,经常问我问题,而不希望听到我的回答。相反,他允许“暂停”的情况发生,这样我可以反思,而我们继续我们的散步亦或品尝我们的咖啡。现在开始慢慢读吧...
Ho Tuck Leh先生
业务运营经理 惠普公司

作者简介
吴松发,澳大利亚查尔斯达尔文大学工商管理硕士,酒店、旅游顾问。
曾就职于喜来登集团、香格里拉集团、海逸国际酒店管理公司。
目前从事酒店、旅游项目管理咨询服务,客户遍及中国各省市酒店集团,包括中国首旅建国酒店集团、戴斯酒店集团等。
同时,开发与培训旅游相关项目和课程,曾为法国商学院研究生班、中国-澳洲MBA班、世界旅游组织(WTTC)、新加坡南洋理工学院等制定培训课程。
在《国际接待业管理杂志》发表多篇文章。
荣获“首都旅游紫禁杯”奖,ITT全球个人最 佳酒店管理开发奖。

目录
目录(中文)
散步 / 002
我发现散步是一个传授知识和经验的好时机。当然,环境必须非常自然,而一个有经验的老师也知道散步是学习的好机会。

提问 / 008
一个问题,措辞和提问的时间都恰到好处,有时会比直接教授更有效。这符合以解决问题为导向的成人学习法则。

教一个人 / 014
灵感启发、辅导和树立榜样,有目标又积极地做好这三件事,将是一对一教学成功的关键。

风格 / 020
一个好老师可以逐渐形成自己的独特风格。如果你仍然在学习阶段,只需着装合适、潇洒些;如果你还不是一位好老师,你看着越特殊,在你的学生眼中你就越糟糕。

建立融洽的关系 / 030
老师和学生在课上和课后继续保持联系会对学生产生影响,这种影响是课堂内容所不能及的。

故事 / 036
故事可以激发兴趣,使一个概念很容易被记住。它创造了迫切期待的氛围,使老师和学生感觉合一。

学习的间歇 / 046
在学习期间,一个人必须停顿一下才能思考。当我们停下来,我们的思考开始激荡,我们就开始在大脑中处理我们学到的信息,推断、总结并深刻理解。
地点 / 052
学习的最 佳场所可能并不是教室。每个人都可以是老师,也可以是学生,任何地方都可以学习和教学。

时间 / 060
什么时候你睡得最香?什么时候你吃得最有滋味?什么时候你学习得最有效率?什么时候你的学生“完全准备好”学?

结课 / 066
我喜欢用一个故事或者一些具有挑战的、难忘的事情去结束我的课程,以此来引发学生思考:“我必须做什么?”

停顿 / 072
停顿可以让学生在恰当的时候思考,“学习时刻”就在此时发生,这是学习过程中最重要的部分。

目光接触 / 078
当你向一个方向看,将目光集中在一个人身上,好像你跟他一对一讲话。这是目光接触最简单的方法。

切入点 / 084
大多数时候,别人从你开口的前几分钟来判断是否值得继续听下去。

游戏和练习 / 090
每一个老师都应该熟悉游戏和练习。游戏的频率取决于它如何更好地帮助学习。

DUA / 096
DUA 代表:发现(discover)、理解(understand)和应用(application)。
知识 / 102
大多数情况下,教知识就等于在浪费时间。我们应该授之以渔而非授之以鱼,否则,我们就是在纵容学生的懒惰。

技能 / 108
在教技巧时有三个重点:首先,学生认识到自己有一个问题需要解决;其次,有一个激发学生学习兴趣的方法;第三,学生感觉“这对我很重要”。

习惯 / 116
一个更高级的学习模式是使得学生确信他们应把学习当作一种习惯。

方法 / 120
平庸的老师灌输,好的老师解释,优秀的老师演示,伟大的老师启发。

计划 / 124
教学准备的一部分就是思考。思考教的对象、教的内容、希望学员学到什么,以及这些如何进行。

观察 / 130
教学的目的在于令学生在工作中有意愿并且有能力表现出色。好老师必须是一个观察大师,他必须能够观察到别人无法觉察到的。

精通 / 136
精通应该是学习的更高目标。

的 / 140
在某一个领域中,与一个资深的行家一起工作,是的学习方法。

学习 / 152
老师应该如何学习和成长?你的学习之旅规划好了吗?你是一个学习型老师吗?

徒弟 / 158
作为老师,花时间和精力去教一个徒弟,是提高自身技能的训练之一。

学?还是教? / 164
大多数时候,我们把重点放在如何教上,我认为,老师必须先理解学生是如何学的。

写作 / 170
一个好老师必须是一个好作者。通过结合书面教学和口头教学,把学习带入更深的层次。

身体 / 176
当老师身体健康,并且看起来有精神,学生会爱上学习。

书 / 180
读一本你专业领域内好的老书,可以确保你得到一个权威而正确的理念。

课题 / 186
完成课题是成人学习的好办法。可以是一人完成,也可以是一个团队一起完成。

措辞 / 192
在你的教学中,用什么措辞可以促进学生的学习呢?

学习时刻 / 198
突然明白的那一刻,就是学习时刻,或者当我们开始全神贯注于该课题时,这也是学习时刻。
天赋、激情、能力和时节 / 204
在讨论学习和教学时,不可能脱离人的天赋、激情、能力和时节这些要素。

我的观察 / 216
我观察教和学二十多年,有一些个人的见解,并从这段经历中学到一些东西。

结语 / 254
解决正确的问题远比解决问题本身更重要。


Content(英文)
Walk / 004
I have found that arranging time to go for walks with people is a good time to impart lessons. But the setting must be very natural, and a skillful teacher knows that walking is a good learning situation.

Questions / 010
Phrased correctly, and asked at the right time, it is sometimes better than teaching. This is aligned to the fact that adults learn better when it is problem oriented.

One / 016
Inspiration, counsel, and example, these three, intentionally pre-purposed and done well, will be the key to man-to-man training.

Style / 023
Inspiration, counsel, and example, these three, intentionally pre-purposed and done well, will be the key to man-to-man training.

Rapport / 032
The rapport established in the class and continual rapport after class will influence the learner in a way the content of the class cannot.

Stories / 040
Stories create interest, and make a concept easy to remember. It creates an environment of fruitful anxiety and a sense of commonness amongst both teacher and learner.

Learning Stoppers / 048
One must stop to think when one is learning. When we stop, our thinking gets a jolt and we start to process what we are learning, we begin to conclude, crystallize, and to deeply understand.
Where / 055
The best place for learning is probably not in the classroom. Everyone is a teacher or a learner. Everywhere is a place to learn and teach.

When / 062
When do you sleep best? When do you eat best? When do you learn best? When is your learner “most ready” to learn?

Close / 068
I like to end with a story or with something really challenging and memorable. I like to make the learners think. I like to put them in a position when they are thinking, “What must I do?”

Pause / 074
The pause allows the learners to think at the right moment. This is when the learning moment takes place. It is the most important part of learning.

Eye Contact / 080
When you are looking in one direction, focus on one person as though you are talking to him. That is the easiest way to develop eye contact.

The Entry / 086
Most of the time whether you are worth learning from can be decided from the first few minutes when you open your mouth.

Games and Exercise / 092
Every trainer should be familiar with games and exercises. How often he uses it will depend on how well it helps the learner learn.

DUA / 098
In our case DUA stands for Discover, Understand, Apply.
Knowledge / 104
Teaching knowledge is mostly a waste of time because we are replacing their laziness by carrying water from the well for him rather than telling him where the well is.

Skills / 111
the key in teaching skills is in three areas, the learner’s realization of their own need to solve a problem, the method that excites the learner, and the reality that it is important to me.

Habit / 117
One of the higher forms of learning is when students are so convinced of something they form it as a life habit.

Methods / 121
The mediocre teacher tells. The good teacher explains. The superior teacher demonstrates. The great teacher inspires.

Plan / 126
actually a part of preparation is thinking. Just thinking about the learners, the content, what they should be learning, and how this is going to happen.

Observation / 132
A learner’s ability and willingness to perform well on the job is what teaching is all about. The teacher must be a master at observation. He must be able to see what others cannot see.

Mastery / 137
Mastery should be the greater ambition of learning.

The Best / 144
Working together with a much more senior person in the same field is the best learning method.

Learn / 154
How does a teacher learn and grow? Is your learning journey well mapped out? Are you a learning teacher?
Disciples / 160
The time and effort a teacher takes to teach a disciple is probably one of the most useful practice a teacher can have to improve his skill as a teacher.

Learn? Teach? / 166
Most times we start to focus on how we teach. I think we have to start with understanding how our learner learns.

Write / 172
A good teacher must also be a good a writer. Combining teaching through the written and spoken word engages brings learning to a deeper level.

Body / 177
When a teacher is fit, and appears fit, the learner is attracted to learn.

Books / 182
A good old book on the subject you are learning will ensure you have some authentic input on the subject.

Projects / 188
Projects are great ways for adults to learn. It can be a one-person project or in a team.
Phrases / 194
What phrases can enhance the learner’s learning in your teaching?

Learning Moment / 200
It happens when
we suddenly understand what it is. When our minds start to connect to the subject. It is at this time that the learning takes place in the mind of the student.

Talent, Passion, Capacity and Seasons / 208
It is not possible to discuss learning and teaching without mention of a human being’s talent, passion, capacity and seasons.

My Observations / 231
I have observed teaching and learning over two decades and here are some personal observations and lessons I have learnt.

Epilogue / 256
Trying to solve the right problem may be more important than just trying to solve any problem.

序言
前言
这是一本成人教育艺术见解的个人集锦,这些见解来自于一个在中国工作二十多年的外国人的视角。
哪些方面做得不错,哪些方面仍需改进呢?
这本书是为两类人而写:一类是为将成人教育作为职业发展的人,一类是不管出于什么原因而教别人的人。
这本书并不是一本关于成年人学习的技能手册,而是记录有关成年人学习状况的研究者和观察者的一段个人旅程。
Preface
This is a personal collection of insights on the art of teaching adults experienced over two decades in China and from the perspective of an outsider.
What has gone well and what has not?
This book is written for two groups of people. Those who teach adults as a vocation, and those who teach others and for whatever reasons.
This book is not a technical book about adult learning. It’s a personal journey of a teacher and observer of adult learning situations.

文摘
2. 提问
一个好的问题,让你思考。
一个好的问题通常是提前准备的。
一个问题的价值在于它引发你思考。
一个问题,措辞和提问的时间都恰到好处,有时会比直接告诉更加有效。这是符合以解决问题为导向的成人学习法则。简而言之,一个提问就是一个需要解决的问题。
提问就是教。
色诺芬(希腊作家)
一个好老师,能问出好问题,也必然是一个能够创造出引发学生深入思考问题的提问专家。
提问可以让老师检查学生是否理解,并且通过清除理解中的障碍来让学习更有意义。
一个好的提问,会加深所探讨主题的深度和广度,当然这取决于问题的质量。
我发现在教学过程中,当我事先准备好了提问,我就会更加关注如何帮助学生理解,而不是去考虑下一步该教什么。
你为下次课程准备好提问了吗?
提问是你教学计划的一部分吗?

33.天赋、激情、能力和时节
Talent, Passion, Capacity and Seasons
在讨论学习和教学时,不可能脱离人的天赋、激情、能力和时节这些要素。这四个要素成为我近年来思考的焦点,我试图把影响学习和教学的四个可变因素放在一起,看它们如何影响学和教。
1)天赋
天赋是一个人在某方面做得比大多数人要好的天然倾向,他在某个领域可能排在前百分之一到三。我所遇到的有天赋的人,通常在他们的工作中更具有艺术感。
老师承担着更大的责任来识别学生的天赋,并培养他们天赋的发展。
当天才不勤加努力时,艰苦努力的人将会战胜天才。
亚历克斯·弗格森
2)激情
从小他就梦想成为一名宇航员,整个成长历程他都痴迷于太空。最终他进入了太空。
童年梦想最终成真的故事比比皆是。我们称他们为充满激情的人。
她是一名大学新生,告诉我她想成为一名人权活动家,为发展中国家的妇女争取权益。她的眼睛和脸上的决心告诉我,她有这个激情,她选择的课程将会帮助她实现梦想。每个假期,我都会听到她正身处那种很少有人会考虑度假的地方。
她充满激情,她选择的每条路都富有激情包括去度假,让一切不再只是个童年的梦想。
激情是一个想实现某个目标时所表现出来的自然动力,是一个强烈的、热情的、持久的愿望。
你的学生的激情表现在哪些方面?
3)能力
有的人管理三个人都很艰难,有的人却能管好三十个。有些人在多个地点管理多个项目,仍然可以兼顾培养出很出色的儿女。而我认识一些人,即使他们的工作很规律,责任也不多,在教养儿女方面仍然做得不好。
有些人的能力分值是三十,有些是六十,有些是一百。
我的学生不是每个人的能力都能达到一百分,所以我用不同的方式教他们学习。
4)时节
我最近才了解到这一点:万物都有它的时间,教有教的时间,学有学的时间。当教和学的时间碰在一起时,这,是正确的时节。
你的学生是不是处在学习的时节中?

33. Talent, Passion, Capacity and Seasons
It is not possible to discuss learning and teaching without mention of a human being’s talent, passion, capacity and seasons. These four elements became the focus of my thinking in the later years as I attempt to put in perspective the variables that influence learning and teaching.
Talent
Talent is mostly a natural inclination to do something better than most people.
The teacher has a higher responsibility to identify talents and foster the development of the learner’s talent.
Hard work will always overcome natural talent when natural talent does not work hard enough.
Alex Ferguson
Passion
Since childhood he has always wanted to be an astronaut. He grew up completely engrossed in space. He ended up going to space.
Stories of childhood dreams realization abound. Passionate people we call them.
She was a freshman in college. She told me she wanted to be a human rights activist to fight for the rights of women in developing countries. Her eyes and facial determination tells me she has passion. She has chosen a course that will bring her closer. Each vacation I would hear that she is somewhere in some place few people would consider to vacation.
She is passionate. Every road she chooses will only for her passion, including her vacation. No more just childhood dreams.
Passion is a natural drive to do and desire to stay on a subject, a strong desire, being extremely enthusiastic, and enduring.
What is your student’s passion?
Capacity
Some people struggle with managing three people, some flourish with thirty. There are those who have multiple projects in their hands in multiple locations and still can raise some great kids. I know of some who have done neither well even though they have regular jobs and not much responsibility. .
Some are thirty, some are sixty and the rest of the pack, one hundred.
My students are not all one hundred so I treat their learning differently.
Seasons
I have only learnt this recently. Everything has its time. There is a time to teach and a time to learn. When the time to teach and the time to learn meets. This, is the right season.
Is your student in a learning season?

购买书籍

当当网购书 京东购书 卓越购书

PDF电子书下载地址

相关书籍

搜索更多