Industrial Biorenewables: A Practical Viewpoint.pdf

Industrial Biorenewables: A Practical Viewpoint.pdf



This book provides a state-of-the-art perspective on industrial biorenewables. A selection of industries dealing with biomass as raw materials present their activities and industrial processes. Emphasis on each chapter includes, and is not limited to:  discussion of the motivation of that specific industry to use biorenewables; a short history of their expertise and developments in the field; selected current R&D activities using biomass, the aim of the research, type of biomass used, catalysts, achieved products, economics, etc.; detailed discussions of the type of biomass, indicating 1st or 2nd generation, and options to substitute 1st generation raw materials for more sustainable 2nd generation ones; current processes that have been or are about to be implemented at industrial and commercial scales; expectations such as where potential improvements could be made and where academic research groups could help provide  pre-competitive and industrially-sound insights and research; and finally, conclusions, prospects, and recommendations for future directions of research. 



List of Contributors


Chapter 1: AkzoNobel: Bio-based raw materials
Alistair Reid, Martijn van Loon, Sara Tollin and Peter Nieuwenhuizen

1.1. AkzoNobel’s Biobased Raw Materials Strategy in Context

1.2. AkzoNobel in the value chain

1.3. Drivers behind development of the Biobased Raw Material Strategy

1.4. Conclusions of the Biobased Chemicals Strategy

1.5. Implementing the Strategy – Striking Partnerships

1.6. Experience to date

1.7. Measuring, Reporting and Ensuring Sustainable Sourcing of Biomass

1.8. Book and Claim

1.9. Sustainability in the value chain – LCA

Chapter 2: Arizona Chemical: Refining and Upgrading of Biobased and Renewable Feedstocks
Godfried J. H. Buisman and Jos H. M. Lange

2.1. Company introduction

2.2. History of Pine chemicals

2.3. Modern biorefining

2.4. The Kraft pulping process

2.5. Cradle-to-gate

2.6. Outlook

2.7. Case study


Chapter 3: Arkema: Castor Reactive Seed Crushing Process to Promote Castor Cultivation
Jean-Luc Dubois

3.1. Arkema: Context for Biorenewables

3.2. Introduction to Castor oil

3.3. Experimental details

3.4. Results

3.5. Discussion

3.6. Conclusion



Chapter 4: Avantium Chemicals: The levulinic dream
Jan C. van der Waal and Ed de Jong

4.1. Introduction

4.2. Levulinic production

4.3. The levulinic acid product family tree

4.4. Conclusions and Outlook


Chapter 5: C5LT: Biorenewables at C5 Ligno Technologies AB
Kaisa Karhumaa and Violeta Sànchez i Nogué

5.1. Introduction

5.2. Lignocellulosic ethanol production: process

5.3. C5LT gene package technology

5.4. Fermentation of lignocellulosic hydrolysates – Remaining challenges

5.5. Conclusions



Chapter 6: CEPSA: Towards the integration of vegetable oils and lignocellulosic biomass into conventional petroleum refinery processing units
Mª Fé Elía, Olalla de la Torre, Rafael Larraz and Juana Frontela

6.1. About CEPSA

6.2. Vegetable oils

6.3. Lignocellulosic biomass

6.4. Concluding remarks


Chapter 7: DuPont: Biorenewables at E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co
Michael A. Saltzberg, Armando M. Byrne, Ethel N. Jackson, Edward S. Miller Jr,, Mark J Nelson, Bjorn D. Tyreus, and Quinn Zhu

7.1. DuPont History & Strategic Priorities

7.2. DuPont’s Innovation Philosophy

7.3. DuPont’s Industrial Biorenewable Portfolio 2013

7.4. Case History #1—Bio-PDO® and Sorona®

7.5. Case History #2—Development of Yeast-Based Omega-3s for Verlasso® Harmoniously Raised Salmon

7.6. Future Directions for DuPont in Industrial Biorenewables

7.7. Summary


Chapter 8: Evonik: Bioeconomy and Bio-based products
Henrike Gebhardt, Peter Nagler, Stefan Buchholz, Stefan Cornelissen, Edda Schulze and Achim Marx

8.1. Introduction

8.2. Bio-based and bio-processed products

8.3. Products produced from bio-based feedstock by conventional catalysis

8.4. Biodegradable products

8.5. Enabling chemicals


Chapter 9: Festel Capital: Market Structure and perspectives of growth rates of Industrial Biorenewables
Gunter Festel

9.1. Background for Industrial Biorenewables and data sources

9.2. Market overview and growth rates

9.3. Examples for biotechnology-based products related to biorenewables


Chapter 10: Göteborg Energi: Vehicle fuel from organic waste
Eric Zinn and Henrik Thunman

10.1. The company

10.2. Sweden´s renewable energy targets and the role that biogas will play in meeting these

10.3. Biogas in transportation: Case studies within Göteborg Energi

10.4. The role of gasification technology in the future as the demand for biomass-based energy and fuel grows

10.5. Recommended academic references for further reading


Chapter 11: Greasoline: Biofuels from non-food materials and residues
Georg Dahmen, Peter Haug, Gunter Festel, Axel Kraft, Volker Heil, Andreas Menne and Christoph Unger

11.1. Fuels and chemicals – necessity of renewables

11.2. Evolving markets for Greasoline® technology

11.3. Technology overview Greasoline®

11.4. Description of business model

11.5. Diesel from different raw materials


Chapter 12: Green Applied Solutions: Customized waste valorization solutions for a sustainable future
Chunping Xu and Rafael Luque

12.1. Introduction

12.2. The company

12.3. Projects and future

12.4. Conclusions and prospects



Chapter 13: Grove Advanced Chemicals: Flox® coagulants: Environmentally-friendly water and wastewater treatment using biodegradable polymers from renewable forests
Paulo Martins, Filipe Santos, Elisabete Sepúlveda, Pedro Carvalho, Richard Solal, Carlos Abreu, Rui Santos, Jorge Vasconcelos, Philippe Geyr and Henrique Villas-Boas

13.1. Introduction

13.2. Company overview

13.3. Coagulation and flocculation in water treatment

13.4. Flox®coagulants

13.5. Company and product certifications

13.6. Case studies

Future perspectives


Chapter 14: Heliae Development, LLC: An industrial approach to mixotrophy in microalgae
Eneko Ganuza and Anna Lee Tonkovich

14.1. Preamble

14.2. Introduction to Heliae Development LLC

14.3. Implementation of industrial mixotrophy: A case study

14.4. Mixotrophy


Chapter 15: InFIQuS: Making the best of leftovers
Inmaculada Aranaz, Niuris Acosta, María Ángeles López Mengibar, Laura Calderón, Ruth Harris and Ángeles Heras

15.1. Brief description of InFiQuS

15.2. Valuable by-products under research by InFiQuS

15.3. Examples of products co-developed by InFiQuS

15.4. Market situation

15.5. Needs of research: Synergies between Industry and Academia


Chapter 16: Mango Materials. Biorenewables at Mango Materials
Allison Pieja, Anne Schauer-Gimenez, Ann Oakenfull and Molly Morse

16.1. Motivation: The problems with plastics today

16.2. The bioplastics industry: An overview

16.3. Mango Materials – A novel PHA production process

16.4. Methane feedstock: Suitability for widespread market adoption

16.5. Mango Materials, the story

16.6. The future: New ideas for potential research



Chapter 17: Novamont: Perspectives on industrial biorenewables and public-private needs
Stefano Facco

17.1. State of the art and challenges faced by bio-based industries

17.2. Wisdom in the use of renewable raw materials: The cascading use of biomass

17.3. Case study: Bioplastics in Italy: Going for growth despite the crisis

17.4. The EU policy framework and related policy gaps: The EU strategy on bioeconomy and the role of industrial policies


Chapter 18: Novozymes: How Novozymes thinks about biomass
Brandon Emme and Alex Berlin

18.1. The company

18.2. Case Study: The transformation of cellulose to ethanol


Chapter 19: OrganoClick: Applied eco-friendly and metal-free catalysis for wood and fiber modifications
Jonas Hafrén and Armando Córdova

19.1. Introduction

19.2. Eco-friendly and organocatalytic surface modification of lignocellulose

19.3. Organocatalytic cross-linking between polysaccharides

19.4. Organoclick modification of lignocellulose


Chapter 20: Petrobras: The concept of Integrated Biorefineries applied to the oleochemistry industry: rational utilization of products and residues via catalytic routes
Eduardo Falabella Sousa-Aguiar, João Monnerat Araujo Ribeiro de Almeida, Pedro Nothaft Romano and Yuri Carvalho

20.1. Introduction

20.2. Glycerol Fermentation

20.3. Hydrotreating

20.4. Decarboxylation

20.5. Conclusions


Chapter 21: Phytonix: Cyanobacteria for bio-based production using CO2
Bruce Dannenberg, Peter Lindblad and Gary Anderson

21.1. Background: The coming CO2 economy and circular economy principles

21.2. Technology for cyanobacteria and direct photobiological production

21.3. Phytonix: Path toward full commercialization of the technology

21.4. n-butanol: A valuable industrial chemical and potential “drop-in” gasoline replacement


Chapter 22: Phytowelt Green Technologies: Fermentation processes and plant breeding as modules for enhanced biorefinery systems
Peter Welters, Guido Jach, Katrin Schullehner, Nadia Evremova and Renate Luehrs

22.1. The next step – beyond energy production

22.2. Introduction

22.3. Material uses of renewable poplar biomass

22.4. Fermentative Production of high-value compounds

22.5. Cooperations with chemical industry

22.6. Towards optimized biorenewables: Time-Lapse and Smart Breeding

22.7. Next generation poplars/plants

22.8. Towards novel biorefineries - Networking for Success


Chapter 23: Shell: Biofuels

Jean .Paul Lange, Johan Willem Gosselink, Rob Lee, Evert van der Heide, Colin John Schaverien and Joe Broun Powell

23.1. Introduction

23.2. Shell and biofuels

23.3. Development of advanced biofuels in Shell

23.4. Challenges leading to more research

23.5. Conclusions



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