中国士绅:城乡关系论集.pdf

中国士绅:城乡关系论集.pdf
 

书籍描述

编辑推荐
在费孝通英文口述基础上编撰,是对中国农村和中国社会的总体描述,也是他前期所有社区调查研究的连续;
 文中有两条相互交错的线索:其一是传统社会中文人和士绅的作用,其二是乡村和城市之间的关系——对认识中国传统社会的“超稳定结构”具有重要意义,更是理解中国近代社会剧变的关键。

作者简介
费孝通,著名社会学家、人类学家、民族学家、社会活动家,中国社会学和人类学的奠基人之一。费孝通著述浩繁,其作品《江村经济》《乡土中国》《中国士绅》是研究中国经济、社会和文化的必读之书。在中国传统社会中,士绅阶层具有怎样的功能?它是如何得以存在的?面对近代西方文明入侵,中国士绅阶层的存在是否还有必要和可能?这些问题,对认识中国传统社会的“超稳定结构”具有重要意义,更是理解中国近代社会剧变的关键。
在费孝通英文口述基础上编撰的《中国士绅》,不似他在开弦弓村、云南三村等那一类具体社区的调查,而足对中国农村和中国社会的总体描述,虽然行文辽阔而简略,却可看作他前期所有社区调查研究的连续和在此基础上的总括性概述。作者对中国社会当时面临的危机以及转型时期可能的道路选择所作的系统深入的思考、科学严樺的分析及其悲天悯人的情怀,对我们进一步认识传统与现代交织碰撞的当代社会仍然颇有助益。

目录
导论
第一章 士绅与皇权
第二章 文人当官
第三章 士绅与技术知识
第四章 中国乡村的基本权力结构
第五章 村,镇与城市
第六章 乡村生计:农业与手工业
第七章 乡土社区的社会侵蚀
第八章 译后记逝者如斯的结构秩序

文摘
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中国士绅:城乡关系论集

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中国士绅:城乡关系论集

The conception of tao-t'ung developed from a set of social facts,of which one important element was that a class of socially importantpeople had lost their political power. Confucian ideas, as formulatedand organized into the Confucian system, following the concentrationof monarchical power and the disintegration of the feudal system,underwent, it is true, an understandable process of change. And thewritings we now have about Confucian ideas have been much modifiedby later scholars. I should like, however, to start here with the basicConfucian ideas and to try to trace their development to a later period. But, in discussing the influence of Confucius on the social history ofChina, we are not concerned with the question of whether the idea oftao-t'ung was that of Confucius himself but rather with the fact that thisconcept was selected and elaborated in his name by later scholars.
It appears to me that the development of the idea of tao-t'ung tookplace in Chinese traditional society because there had appeared a new typeof person, the scholar-intellectual, one excluded from political authoritybut still possessing social prestige. Since he did not have political power, such a man could not decide political issues. Yet he might, through making known his opinions and formulating his principles, exercise a real influence. Such men did not try to control political power in their own interest but endeavored rather to put forward a set of ethical principles which should restrict the force of political power. The system of tao-t'ung which they developed came to be accepted by the gentry as the norm for their activity in politics. Eventually it came to serve the gentry not only as an ethical system but also as a protection for economic interests.

编辑推荐
在费孝通英文口述基础上编撰,是对中国农村和中国社会的总体描述,也是他前期所有社区调查研究的连续;
 文中有两条相互交错的线索:其一是传统社会中文人和士绅的作用,其二是乡村和城市之间的关系——对认识中国传统社会的“超稳定结构”具有重要意义,更是理解中国近代社会剧变的关键。

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