科学读本.pdf

科学读本.pdf
 

书籍描述

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《科学读本(英文原版)(套装共6册)》是国内第一套适合中小学生阅读的全英文版《科学读本》,曾作为美国和英国学校科学教材的读本,如一套万物简史,让孩子们认识和了解宇宙万物及其规律,激发孩子们对科学知识的兴趣与探索。兴趣,或许比让孩子们解出多少道难题、多得一点分数更加重要!

作者简介
作者:(美国)文森特•默奇

目录
第一册
Water 1
Water — A Liquid 4
Solids 6
Liquids and Solids 9
The Cat 12
More about the Cat 16
Hard and Soft Bodies 19
Porous Bodies 22
The Dog 25
Dogs 29
A Piece of Clay 34
Clay — Its Uses (I) 37
Clay — Its Uses (II) 40
The Cat’s Big Cousins — The Lion 42
The Cat’s Big Cousins — The Tiger 46
Wolves and Foxes 49
A Piece of Putty 52
Putty — What it is 55
Gutta-Percha 57
A Piece of Salt 59
The Sheep 61
Salt 64
The Pig 66
Rock-Salt — Table Salt 69
A Plant 72
Sugar 76
The Root of a Plant 79
Loaf Sugar 82
The Root and its Work 85
About Burning 88
The Stems of Plants 91
Coal (I) 95
Coal (II) 97
Leaves 100
Coal — The Mine 103
The Mine and the Miners 106
More about Leaves 110
More about the Mine 112
Flowers 115
What we mean by Elastic

第二册
Porous Bodies 1
Sponge — and its Uses 4
The Sponge 7
Filters 11
The Poor Man’s Filter 14
Soluble 17
Soluble Substances 20
Starch 23
What Starch is 25
Starch for Food 28
Soluble and Insoluble 31
Soap 34
Corn 36
Kinds of Corn 39
Adhesive 42
Cements 45
Wheat and Rice 48
Fusible 51
Maize 54
About Metals 57
Some More about Metals 59
Iron Ore
Iron 64
The Cow 67
Cast-Iron 71
Milk, Butter, Cheese 74
Wrought Iron 77
The Horse 80
Steel 85
The Rabbit 87
Copper 90
The Rabbit at Home 93
Lead 97
The Monkey 100
Tin 103
Three Classes of Monkeys 106
Zinc 110
The Mole 113
Silver 117
Gold

第三册
Water—Its Properties 1
Some of the Uses of Water 5
Birds and their Covering 8
A Feather 12
The Uses of Feathers 16
Water as a Solvent 19
Further Uses of Water 22
Birds 26
Water in other Forms 30
Vapor in the Air 34
Birds and their Beaks 37
More about Beaks 42
Vapor—What Becomes of It 45
Clouds, Rain, Dew 48
Birds—Their Legs and Feet 51
Birds—More about Legs and Feet 55
Solid Water 61
Ice, Hail, and Snow 64
A Snake 67
How the Snake Feeds 71
Mercury 74
The Poisonous Snakes
The Non-Poisonous Snakes 81
Mercury — Its Preparation and Uses 84
The Frog 87
Air 91
More about the Frog 94
More about the Air 97
The Frog and the Toad compared 100
Gases 103
The Frog—Its Life History 106
Coal-Gas 110
A Fish 113
More about Coal-Gas 116
More about the Fish 119
Balloons 122
How The Fish Moves 125
Tar 128
The Fish and its Food 131
Paraffin Oil 134
An Insect 137
Carbonic Acid Gas
More about Insects 144
More about Carbonic Acid Gas 147
Life History of an Insect 150
Parts of a Plant 153
The Spider 157
The Vital Organs of the Plant 161
The Spider’s Web 165
Parts of a Flower 168
More about the Flowers 171
The Flower and its Work 174
Seeds 177
Seedlings 180
The Seed-Leaves 183
The Single Seed-Leaf 186
The Bark 189
Kinds of Bass 192
Flax 195
Linen-Making 198

第四册
第五册
第六册

序言
This series of Reading Books was published for the use of teachers and students in. It will be found useful, not only in those schools in which Elementary Science is taken as a class subject, but also for the purposes of an ordinary reader.
Of this series of Science Readers, Books I, II, and m are adapted to pupils who are in their third and fourth years of school work. Both the reading and the subject matter of Books IV, V, and VI are suitable for Senior Grades.
In the first lesson of the First Reader we are introduced to three children, who amuse themselves in this way over the favorite lesson of the day. They deal with each subject as it comes, in their own simple language, missing no point of importance, and quoting the words and advice of their teacher; and it is hoped that the young readers who follow them through these lessons will catch something of the enthusiasm and earnestness which characterize them as they advance step by step from very small beginnings to a real understanding of the elementary facts of natural science.
At the end of each of the first three volumes will be found a short summary of the lesson. This is a helpful feature. The teacher who reads this carefully, then the reading lesson itself, will secure both the needful knowledge and valuable suggestions for a successful method of imparting it.
All the lessons bearing on Physics should thus be prepared, but many of the others may be successfully used as reading, pure and simple, making them vivid to the children by showing them living illustrations. Many of these can be easily secured for the asking from wholesale grocery houses and manufacturing establishments, while others must be bought or collected by the teacher herself.
Tea, the various stages in the preparation of the coffee berry and of cocoa, palm oil fruit, cocoanuts in their natural state, crude rubber, camphor, resin, turpentine, tar, pitch, cotton balls, crude wool, are some of the things illustrating these lessons which can be secured at small expense. When once obtained, they should be labeled and made a part of a permanent collection.
L. L, W. WILSON
Philadelphia Normal School

文摘
Lesson 01
Water
Fred and his cousin Willie were two smart boys in the same class at school. They were only little boys, but they were fond of their school and their lessons.
They used to play at school in the evening with Fred’s little sister Norah.
Their teacher was giving the class jolly lessons on some of the common things around them. These were not at all like the other lessons of the day. Teacher gave them to the class as a treat. The boys soon began to look forward to them, as the best of all their lessons.
Norah, too, liked to hear all about them from the boys. It was great fun to sit around the fire in the evening, and chat over the lessons of the day.
The first lesson was about water.
“What do you think, Norah?” said Fred one evening. “Teacher began to talk to us about water, by showing us a saucer full of sawdust.
“He piled up the sawdust in a heap in the saucer, and then tried to do the same with some water in another saucer.”
“But, of course, he couldn’t do it,” said Willie.
“because you can’t make water stand up in a heap. It always keeps a flat or level surface.”
“Yes; and, when it got to the top of the saucer, it ran away over the sides, and on to the table,” added Fred. “We saw it flow along the table, and fall down to the ground.”
“Why, of course,” said Norah, “water always flows down. We can see it flow down, if we turn on the tap. It never flows up.”
“Teacher told us to think of the rain, too,” said Willie. “The drops of rain always fall down—never up.”
“I can show you some drops of water.”said Fred.
“Look; I dip this brush in the water, and shake it. The water will fall from the brush in little round drops.”
SUMMARY
We cannot pile up water in a heap; it always keeps a level surface. Water breaks up into little drops, and flows about. Water always flows down.
Lesson 02
Water—A Liquid
Norah’s mother called her away to mind the baby, before the boys had told her all about their lesson. She came back as soon as she could, and they began to chat again.
“I wonder whether Norah forgets what we learned about water,” said Fred.
“No,” said Norah, “I don’t forget. I know that water flows, and it always flows down. It keeps a flat surface, and it cannot stand in a heap. It breaks up into round drops, but the drops will run together again, and make a pool of water.”
“Quite right,” said Fred. “But now I’m going to puzzle you. Can you tell me what shape water is?
“Teacher tried to puzzle us; didn’t he, Will? But he soon made it clear. He showed us the saucer, and we saw that it was round. Then he filled it with water, and of course it was easy to see that the water in the saucer was round too.”
“But the water did not remain round,” said Willie, “for teacher next poured it out of the saucer into a square tin box.”
“I know.” said Norah, “it became square then, like the box.”
“Right,” replied Fred, “and then we saw the water poured out of the box into a tumbler; out of the tumbler into a jug; out of the jug into a bottle. It took the shape of the new vessel each time.
“Can you think of any other things, Norah, that would do as water does?”
“I know some,” said Norah. “Milk and oil, vinegar and tea would do the same.”
“Now, Norah,” said both boys at once, “you must try not to forget the proper name for all these things. Teacher tells us to call them liquids.
“Liquids flow about, break up into drops, take the shape of the vessel which holds them, and cannot stand in a heap, but always keep a level surface.”
SUMMARY
Water has no shape of its own. It always takes the shape of the vessel which holds it. Water, milk, oil, and vinegar are liquids.

内容简介
《科学读本(英文原版)(套装共6册)》包括:《科学读本1》至《科学读本6》6册,以一位名为威尔逊的教授与3位学生为主角,通过对各种事物与科学知识和原理的讨论,系统讲述了孩子们身边随时可见的事物与现象原理。以激发孩子们对科学的兴趣与爱好。这比死记知识,大量解题要实用得多。
《科学读本(英文原版)(套装共6册)》对中国学生而言,这又是另一习得英语的良好途径,尤其对那些准备出国学习的孩子们,《科学读本》的阅读学习,对他们继续国外课程的学业定有很大帮助。比起文学与文史题材的英语读本,科学英语更容易让孩子们理解与学习。一是其讲述内容均为我们身边熟悉的万事万物,容易联想记忆;二是科技英语的语法、句子结构相对简单,比文学语言更简洁清晰,易于理解。相信会得到孩子们的喜欢。
大致来讲,《科学读本(英文原版)(套装共6册)》适合初中以上的学生阅读。英文程度较好的小学生,也可以从第一册开始。提供全书配套朗读文件免费下载,在学习科学知识的同时,更好地练习听读能力。

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