化工专业英语.pdf

化工专业英语.pdf
 

书籍描述

内容简介
《化工专业英语》是为了提高化工技术类专业学生化工英语信息获取能力和应用能力,培养与职业能力结构要求相一致的高素质技术技能型人才而编写的。全书选文均来自原版化工英文文献,侧重化工实际工艺及技术操作,覆盖面广、难度适中。内容包括化工专业英语基础(Unit One Basis of English for Chemical Engineering and Technology)、石油化学工业(Unit Two Petrochemical Industry)、聚合物化学(Unit Three Polymer Chemistry)、安全工程(Unit Four Safety Engineering)、单元操作(Unit Five Unit Operation)、化学工程技术(Unit Six Chemical Engineering and Technology)、精细化学品(Unit Seven Fine Chemicals)、分析化学(Unit Eight Introduction of Quantitative Analysis)、生物化工(Unit Nine Biochemical Engineering)、环境污染及治理(Unit Ten Environmental Pollution and Control)和化工专业英语的拓展应用(The Extensive Application of English for Chemical Engineering and Technology)。其中“化工专业英语基础”和“化工专业英语的拓展应用”部分,对提高读者化工专业英语的阅读、翻译和写作能力,以及对求职、面试、实际工作都有很高的实用价值。
《化工专业英语》可作为化工类专业高职高专学生的教材,也可作为化工领域广大科技人员的参考书。

编辑推荐
本书主编张小军教授通过二十余年专业英语教学实践,集中结构合理、专兼结合、敬业负责的团队智慧,在校本教材的基础上编写形成该《化工专业英语》教材。将专业能力、英语能力与应用能力三者有机融合;教材编写定位准确——主要是借助英语工具,开展化工专业实践,提升专业实践的层次与水平,拓展职业生涯,而不是通过化工专业实践去巩固英语知识;教材编写层次分明、条理清楚,注重以普通英语教学、专业英语教学、双语教学这个“大英语教学观”视野来审视《化工专业英语》教学工作;注重强化应用,贴近先进化工制造业的生产实践,符合现代化工行业企业需求,紧密结合化工生产实际,跟踪化工行业先进技术与绿色、环保、节能、清洁生产、责任关怀等现代化工先进理念;教材装帧设计大方美观、图文并茂。本教材是“江苏省高等学校精品教材”。

作者简介
张小军,南京科技职业学院(南京化工职业技术学院),教学副院长 教授。
具有化工、英语、教育经济与管理3个专业学习和教学背景,有下企业指导学生进行化工专业实践经历。在23年的教学生涯中一直承担《化工专业英语》、《大学英语》及《有机合成工艺》等化工类专业课程教学工作。近5年荣获“全国化工职业院校教学名师”、江苏省“333工程高层次人才培养工程”首批中青年科学技术带头人、江苏省“青蓝工程”优秀青年骨干教师、江苏省高等教育教学成果奖2次。

目录
Unit One
Basis of English for Chemical Engineering and Technology (ECET)
化工专业英语基础
Lesson One Outline of Learning ECET
化工专业英语学习概要 1
Lesson Two Characteristics of ECET
化工专业英语特点 2
Lesson Three Reading and Translation of ECET
化工专业英语阅读与翻译 3
Lesson Four Writing and Speaking frequently Occurred in ECET
化工专业英语常用写作与会话 7
Lesson Five Grammar frequently Used in ECET
化工专业英语常用语法 14
Unit Two
Petrochemical Industry
石油化学工业
Lesson One Petroleum Refinery Distillation
石油炼制 24
Lesson Two Catalytic Cracking
催化裂化 28
Lesson Three Thermal Cracking of Hydrocarbons
热裂解制乙烯 34
Lesson Four Styrene
苯乙烯 40
Unit Three
Polymer Chemistry
聚合物化学
Lesson One Basic Concepts of Polymers
聚合物的基本概念 47
Lesson Two Polymer Structure and Physical Properties
聚合物的结构及其物理性能 50
Lesson Three Polymer Processing
聚合物的成型 54
Lesson Four Applications of Polymers
聚合物的应用 57
Unit Four
Safety Engineering
安全工程
Lesson One A Brief History of Safety
安全工程简史 62
Lesson Two The System Safety Process
系统安全过程 66
Lesson Three Safety Management Systems
安全管理 72
Lesson Four Basic Principles for Controlling Chemical Hazards
管理化学危险的基本原则 78
Unit Five
Unit Operation
单元操作
Lesson One Primary Pinciples of Unit Operation
单元操作基本原理 87
Lesson Two Fluid Flow Phenomena
流体流动现象 93
Lesson Three Heat Transfer and Its Applications
热量传递及其应用 97
Lesson Four Mass Transfer and Its Application
质量传递及其应用 102
Unit Six
Chemical Engineering and Technology
化学工程技术
Lesson One Chemical Engineering
化学工程 108
Lesson Two The Anatomy of a Chemical Manufacturing Process
化工生产过程分解 112
Lesson Three Fluidization
流态化 117
Lesson Four Catalysts for Industrial Processes
工业催化剂 123
Unit Seven
Fine Chemicals
精细化学品
Lesson One A Brief Introduction of Fine Chemicals
精细化学品简介 127
Lesson Two Coating
涂料 132
Lesson Three Classification and Application of Surfactants
表面活性剂的分类与应用 136
Lesson Four Plasticizers
增塑剂 142
Unit Eight
Introduction of Quantitative Analysis
分析化学
Lesson One How to Use Analytical Apparatus
如何使用分析仪器 146
Lesson Two Titrimetric Methods
滴定分析 152
Lesson Three Ultraviolet and Visible Spectrophotometer
紫外可见分光光度计 157
Lesson Four Gas Chromatography
气相色谱 163
Unit Nine
Biochemical Engineering
生物化工
Lesson One Introduction to Biochemical Engineering
生物化工简介 169
Lesson Two Molecular Structure of Nucleic Acid—A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid
核酸的分子结构——脱氧核糖核酸的结构 173
Lesson Three Biochemical Reaction
生化反应 178
Lesson Four Fermenters
发酵罐 182
Unit Ten
Environmental Pollution and Control
环境污染及治理
Lesson One Pollution
污染 188
Lesson Two Water Pollution and Pollutants
水污染及污染物质 193
Lesson Three Air Pollution and Major Air Pollutants
大气污染及主要的大气污染物 201
Lesson Four Sources and Types of Solid Wastes
固体废物的来源和类别 210
The Extensive Application of English for Chemical Engineering and Technology
化工专业英语拓展应用
Ⅰ Vocabulary of ECET
化工专业英语词汇 216
Ⅱ How to Write Application Letters(Cover Letters)?
怎样写求职申请 219
Ⅲ How to Prepare a Resume?
怎样写简历? 221
Ⅳ Interview Skills
面试技巧 225
V How to Write or Translate Titles and Abstracts of Scientific Treatises
科技论文标题及摘要的写作与翻译 229
Appendix
Glossary
词汇表
Reference
参考文献

文摘
版权页:



2.It involves combinations of viscoelastic deformations and heat transfer,which are generally associated with solidification of the product from the melt.
译文:成型过程包括黏弹性形变和热传递,这种黏弹性形变和热传递是和产品由熔体固化(或冷却)相联系的。
3.Flow regimes, depending on the nature of the material, the equipment, and the processing conditions, usually involve combinations ofshear, extensional, and squeezing flows in conjunction with enclosed (contained) or free surface flows.
译文:根据材料的性质、设备和成型条件,结合流动面的情况(自由与否),流动通常包括剪切、拉伸及压缩流动。
4.Such an approach has gained more importance in view of the expanding utilization of computer design/computer assisted manufacturing/computer aided engineering (CAD/CAM/CAE) systems in conjunction with plastics processing.
译文:由于CAD/CAM/CAE系统在塑料成型过程中应用越来越广泛,这种研究思路也越来越重要。
5.It will emphasize recent developments relating to the analysis and simulation of some important commercial processes, with due consideration to elucidation of both thermo—mechanical history and microstructure development.
译文:这种研究思路将侧重于对一些重要的商业成型方法的分析与模拟,同时也兼顾热力学性能和微观结构的演变。
Reading Comprehension
1.Can you give a definition for "polymer processing"?
2.Which methods can be used for making plastic parts?
3.What results in the development of microstructure in the manufacture article?
Reading material:
Injection Molding 注射成型
Many different processes are used to transform plastic granules,powders, andliquidsinto finalproduct.The plastic material is in moldable form, and is adaptable to various forming methods.In most cases thermoplastic materials are suitable for certain processes while thermosetting materials require other methods of forming.This is recognized by the fact that thermoplastics are usually heated to a soft state and then reshaped before cooling.Thermosets, on the other hand have not yet been polymerized before processing, and the chemical reaction takes place during the process, usually through heat,a catalyst, or pressure.It is important to remember this concept while studying the plastics manufacturing processes and the polvmers used.

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