语言学教程练习册.pdf

语言学教程练习册.pdf
 

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《语言学教程(第4版)练习册》:配合教程第四版调整练习内容,力求和《语言学教程》完全配套,增添参考阅读,方便学有余力的读者自学;配备学习网站和电子课件,提供学生和专家互动的平台。

目录
Questions and Exercises
英文练习及参考答案
Invitations tO Linguistics
Speech Sounds
From Morpheme to Phrase
From Word to Text
Meaning
Language and Cognition
Language,Culture,and Society
Language in Use
Language and Literature
Language and Computer
Linguistics and Foreign Language Teaching
Theories and Schools of Modern
Linguistics

中文练习及参考答案
语言学导论
语音
词汇:从词素到短语
句法:从语词到篇章
意义
语言与认知
语言文化社会
语言的使用
语言与文学
语言和计算机
语言学与语言教学
现代语言学理论与流派

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语言学教程练习册

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语言学教程练习册

(1) Structural factors in comprehension. Comprehension of written and spoken language can be difficult because it is not always easy to iden-tify the constituents (phrases) of a sentence and the ways in which they relate to one another. Psycholinguists have proposed principles interpreting sen-tence comprehension with respect to the grammatical constraints.i The most popular principle is Minimal attachment which defines "structurally simp-ler", and it claims that structural simplicity guides all initial analyses in sentence comprehension. In this view, the sentence processor constructs a single analysis of a sentence and attempts to interpret it. The first analysis is the one that requires the fewest applications of grammatical rules to at-tach each incoming word into the structure being built; it is the automatic consequence of an effort to get some analysis constructed as soon as possi-ble. Consider the sentence The second wife will claim the inheritance belongs to her. When the inheritance first appears, it could be interpreted as either the direct object of claim or the subject of belongs. It was found that readers' eyes fixated for longer than usual on the verb belongs, which disambiguates the sentence. They interpreted this result to mean that readers first interpreted the inheritance as a direct object. Readers were disrupted when they had to revise this initial interpretation to the one in which the inheritance is subject of belongs. They described the readers as being led down a garden path because the direct object analysis is structur-ally simpler than the other possible analysis.

内容简介
《语言学教程(第4版)练习册》主要内容简介:《语言学教程》(第四版)充分考虑到本科生的实际状况,严格控制教材难度,精简教材内容,保留精华部分。配套练习册也依据《教程》内容调整配套练习,与《教程》紧密配合,方便学习者使用。《语言学教程》(第四版)将Questions and Exercises和Further Reading两个栏目体现到修订的《练习册》中。这样既符合《教程》“瘦身”的宗旨,又加强了学生自主性学习的能力。《练习册》提供配套电子课件,请授课老师填写书后的“教师联系表”,并邮寄给出版社,出版社将免费寄送本教材配套电子课件。

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